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Introduction - Sudan:
Location - Sudan:
People - Sudan:


39,379,358 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 41.6% (male 8,371,628/female 8,016,880)
15-64 years: 56% (male 11,080,025/female 10,956,458)
65 years and over: 2.4% (male 504,957/female 449,410) (2007 est.)

Median age

total: 18.7 years
male: 18.6 years
female: 18.9 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate

2.082% (2007 est.)

Birth rate

34.86 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate

14.39 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate

0.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.044 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.011 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.124 male(s)/female
total population: 1.027 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 91.78 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 91.95 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 91.59 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 49.11 years
male: 48.24 years
female: 50.03 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate

4.69 children born/woman (2007 est.)

Hiv aids adult prevalence rate

2.3% (2001 est.)

Hiv aids people living with hiv aids

400,000 (2001 est.)

Hiv aids deaths

23,000 (2003 est.)


noun: Sudanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sudanese

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified among birds in this country or surrounding region; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2007)

Ethnic groups

black 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%


Sunni Muslim 70% (in north), Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum), indigenous beliefs 25%


Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
note: program of Arabization in process


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 61.1%
male: 71.8%
female: 50.5% (2003 est.)

Government - Sudan:
Economy - Sudan:
Communications - Sudan:
Transportation - Sudan:
Military - Sudan:
This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>

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