San Marino

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Introduction - San Marino:

Country

San Marino

Background

The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the worlds oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marino in A.D. 301. San Marinos foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy; social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.

Location - San Marino:

Location

Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy

Geographic coordinates

43 46 N, 12 25 E

Map references

Europe

Area

total: 61.2 sq km
land: 61.2 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area comparative

about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries

total: 39 km
border countries: Italy 39 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims

none (landlocked)

Climate

Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers

Terrain

rugged mountains

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m
highest point: Monte Titano 755 m

Natural resources

building stone

Land use

arable land: 16.67%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 83.33% (2005)

Irrigated land

NA

Natural hazards

NA

Environment current issues

NA

Environment international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution

Geography note

landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines

People - San Marino:

Population

29,615 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 16.8% (male 2,573/female 2,404)
15-64 years: 66.1% (male 9,388/female 10,178)
65 years and over: 17.1% (male 2,190/female 2,882) (2007 est.)

Median age

total: 40.9 years
male: 40.6 years
female: 41.3 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate

1.219% (2007 est.)

Birth rate

9.89 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate

8.27 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate

10.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.09 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.922 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.915 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 5.53 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.96 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.07 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 81.8 years
male: 78.33 years
female: 85.57 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.34 children born/woman (2007 est.)

Hiv aids adult prevalence rate

NA

Hiv aids people living with hiv aids

NA

Hiv aids deaths

NA

Nationality

noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sammarinese

Ethnic groups

Sammarinese, Italian

Religions

Roman Catholic

Languages

Italian

Literacy

definition: age 10 and over can read and write
total population: 96%
male: 97%
female: 95%

Government - San Marino:

Country name

conventional long form: Republic of San Marino
conventional short form: San Marino
local long form: Repubblica di San Marino
local short form: San Marino

Government type

republic

Capital

name: San Marino
geographic coordinates: 43 56 N, 12 25 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative divisions

9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Montegiardino, San Marino Citta, Serravalle

Independence

3 September AD 301

National holiday

Founding of the Republic, 3 September (AD 301)

Constitution

8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution

Legal system

based on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Suffrage

18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: Cochiefs of State Captain Regent Alessandro MANCINI and Captain Regent Alessandro ROSSI (for the period 1 April-30 September 2007)
head of government: Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Fiorenzo STOLFI (since 27 July 2006)
cabinet: Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term
elections: cochiefs of state (captains regent) elected by the Great and General Council for a six-month term; election last held in March 2007 (next to be held in September 2007); secretary of state for foreign and political affairs elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term; election last held 27 July 2006 (next to be held by 2011)
election results: Alessandro MANCINI and Alessandro ROSSI elected captains regent; percent of legislative vote - NA; Fiorenzo STOLFI elected secretary of state for foreign and political affairs; percent of legislative vote - NA
note: the popularly elected parliament (Grand and General Council) selects two of its members to serve as the Captains Regent (co-chiefs of state) for a six-month period; they preside over meetings of the Grand and General Council and its cabinet (Congress of State), which has 10 other members, all selected by the Grand and General Council; assisting the captains regent are 10 secretaries of state; the secretary of state for Foreign Affairs has assumed some prime ministerial roles

Legislative branch

unicameral Grand and General Council or Consiglio Grande e Generale (60 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 4 June 2006 (next to be held by June 2011)
election results: percent of vote by party - PDCS 32.9%, Party of Socialists and Democrats 31.9%, APDS 11.9%, United Left 8.7%, New Socialist Party 5.4%, other parties 9.2%; seats by party - PDCS 21, Party of Socialists and Democrats 20, APDS 7, United Left 5, New Socialist Party 3, others 4

Judicial branch

Council of Twelve or Consiglio dei XII

Political parties and leaders

Communist Refoundation or RC [Ivan FOSHI]; Ideas in Movement or IM [Alessandro ROSSI]; National Alliance or AN [Glauco SANSOVINI]; New Socialist Party [Augusto CASALI]; Party of Socialists and Democrats [Claudio FELICI]; San Marino Christian Democratic Party or PDCS [Pier Marino MENICUCCI]; San Marino Popular Alliance of Democrats or APDS [Roberto GIORGETTI]; San Marino Socialist Party or PSS [Alberto CECCHETTI]; Socialists for Reform or SR [Renzo GIARDI]; United Left

Political pressure groups and leaders

NA

International organization participation

CE, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ITU, ITUC, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WHO, WIPO

Diplomatic representation in the us

San Marino does not have an embassy in the US
honorary consulate(s) general: New York, Washington, DC
honorary consulate(s): Detroit, Honolulu

Diplomatic representation from the us

the US does not have an embassy in San Marino; the ambassador to Italy is accredited to San Marino

Flag description

two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)

Economy - San Marino:

Economy overview

The tourist sector contributes over 50% of GDP. In 2006 more than 2.1 million tourists visited San Marino. The key industries are banking, wearing apparel, electronics, and ceramics. Main agricultural products are wine and cheeses. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Italy, which supplies much of its food.

Gdp purchasing power parity

$850 million (2004 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate

$1.048 billion (2004)

Gdp real growth rate

4.6% (2004 est.)

Gdp per capita ppp

$34,100 (2004 est.)

Gdp composition by sector

agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%

Labor force

20,470 (2004)

Labor force by occupation

agriculture: 0.2%
industry: 40.1%
services: 59.7% (2006 est.)

Unemployment rate

3.8% (2004)

Population below poverty line

NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate consumer prices

-1.5% (2006)

Budget

revenues: $709.6 million
expenditures: $672.3 million; including capital expenditures of $23.7 million (2004)

Agriculture products

wheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides

Industries

tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine

Industrial production growth rate

5.6% (2005 est.)

Exports

$1.291 billion (2004)

Exports commodities

building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics

Imports

$2.035 billion (2004)

Imports commodities

wide variety of consumer manufactures, food

Debt external

$NA

Economic aid recipient

$NA

Currency code

euro (EUR)

Exchange rates

euros per US dollar - 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002)

Communications - San Marino:

Fiscal year

calendar year

Telephones main lines in use

21,000 (2006)

Telephones mobile cellular

17,390 (2006)

Telephone system

general assessment: adequate connections
domestic: automatic telephone system completely integrated into Italian system
international: country code - 378; connected to Italian international network

Radio broadcast stations

AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)

Television broadcast stations

1 (San Marino residents also receive broadcasts from Italy) (1997)

Internet country code

.sm

Internet hosts

3,140 (2006)

Internet users

15,400 (2006)

Transportation - San Marino:

Roadways

total: 104 km
paved: 104 km (2003)

Military - San Marino:

Military branches

no regular military forces; Voluntary Military Force (Corpi Militari Voluntar) performs ceremonial duties and limited police functions (2006)

Manpower available for military service

males age 18-49: 6,331 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military service

males age 18-49: 5,107 (2005 est.)

Military note

defense is the responsibility of Italy

Manpower reaching military service age annually

males age 18-49: 135 (2005 est.)

Military expenditures percent of gdp

NA

This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>


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