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San Marino

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Introduction - San Marino:
CountrySan Marino

BackgroundThe third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the worlds oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marino in A.D. 301. San Marinos foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy; social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.

Location - San Marino:
LocationSouthern Europe, an enclave in central Italy

Geographic coordinates43 46 N, 12 25 E

Map referencesEurope

Areatotal: 61.2 sq km
land: 61.2 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area comparativeabout 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundariestotal: 39 km
border countries: Italy 39 km

Coastline0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)

ClimateMediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers

Terrainrugged mountains

Elevation extremeslowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m
highest point: Monte Titano 755 m

Natural resourcesbuilding stone

Land usearable land: 16.67%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 83.33% (2005)

Irrigated landNA

Natural hazardsNA

Environment current issuesNA

Environment international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution

Geography notelandlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines

People - San Marino:
Population29,615 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure0-14 years: 16.8% (male 2,573/female 2,404)
15-64 years: 66.1% (male 9,388/female 10,178)
65 years and over: 17.1% (male 2,190/female 2,882) (2007 est.)

Median agetotal: 40.9 years
male: 40.6 years
female: 41.3 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate1.219% (2007 est.)

Birth rate9.89 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate8.27 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate10.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratioat birth: 1.09 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.922 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.915 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality ratetotal: 5.53 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.96 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.07 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.8 years
male: 78.33 years
female: 85.57 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate1.34 children born/woman (2007 est.)

Hiv aids adult prevalence rateNA

Hiv aids people living with hiv aidsNA

Hiv aids deathsNA

Nationalitynoun: Sammarinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sammarinese

Ethnic groupsSammarinese, Italian

ReligionsRoman Catholic


Literacydefinition: age 10 and over can read and write
total population: 96%
male: 97%
female: 95%

Government - San Marino:
Country nameconventional long form: Republic of San Marino
conventional short form: San Marino
local long form: Repubblica di San Marino
local short form: San Marino

Government typerepublic

Capitalname: San Marino
geographic coordinates: 43 56 N, 12 25 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative divisions9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Montegiardino, San Marino Citta, Serravalle

Independence3 September AD 301

National holidayFounding of the Republic, 3 September (AD 301)

Constitution8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution

Legal systembased on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Suffrage18 years of age; universal

Executive branchchief of state: Cochiefs of State Captain Regent Alessandro MANCINI and Captain Regent Alessandro ROSSI (for the period 1 April-30 September 2007)
head of government: Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Fiorenzo STOLFI (since 27 July 2006)
cabinet: Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term
elections: cochiefs of state (captains regent) elected by the Great and General Council for a six-month term; election last held in March 2007 (next to be held in September 2007); secretary of state for foreign and political affairs elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term; election last held 27 July 2006 (next to be held by 2011)
election results: Alessandro MANCINI and Alessandro ROSSI elected captains regent; percent of legislative vote - NA; Fiorenzo STOLFI elected secretary of state for foreign and political affairs; percent of legislative vote - NA
note: the popularly elected parliament (Grand and General Council) selects two of its members to serve as the Captains Regent (co-chiefs of state) for a six-month period; they preside over meetings of the Grand and General Council and its cabinet (Congress of State), which has 10 other members, all selected by the Grand and General Council; assisting the captains regent are 10 secretaries of state; the secretary of state for Foreign Affairs has assumed some prime ministerial roles

Legislative branchunicameral Grand and General Council or Consiglio Grande e Generale (60 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 4 June 2006 (next to be held by June 2011)
election results: percent of vote by party - PDCS 32.9%, Party of Socialists and Democrats 31.9%, APDS 11.9%, United Left 8.7%, New Socialist Party 5.4%, other parties 9.2%; seats by party - PDCS 21, Party of Socialists and Democrats 20, APDS 7, United Left 5, New Socialist Party 3, others 4

Judicial branchCouncil of Twelve or Consiglio dei XII

Political parties and leadersCommunist Refoundation or RC [Ivan FOSHI]; Ideas in Movement or IM [Alessandro ROSSI]; National Alliance or AN [Glauco SANSOVINI]; New Socialist Party [Augusto CASALI]; Party of Socialists and Democrats [Claudio FELICI]; San Marino Christian Democratic Party or PDCS [Pier Marino MENICUCCI]; San Marino Popular Alliance of Democrats or APDS [Roberto GIORGETTI]; San Marino Socialist Party or PSS [Alberto CECCHETTI]; Socialists for Reform or SR [Renzo GIARDI]; United Left

Political pressure groups and leadersNA

International organization participationCE, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ITU, ITUC, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WHO, WIPO

Diplomatic representation in the usSan Marino does not have an embassy in the US
honorary consulate(s) general: New York, Washington, DC
honorary consulate(s): Detroit, Honolulu

Diplomatic representation from the usthe US does not have an embassy in San Marino; the ambassador to Italy is accredited to San Marino

Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)

Economy - San Marino:
Economy overviewThe tourist sector contributes over 50% of GDP. In 2006 more than 2.1 million tourists visited San Marino. The key industries are banking, wearing apparel, electronics, and ceramics. Main agricultural products are wine and cheeses. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Italy, which supplies much of its food.

Gdp purchasing power parity $850 million (2004 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate $1.048 billion (2004)

Gdp real growth rate4.6% (2004 est.)

Gdp per capita ppp $34,100 (2004 est.)

Gdp composition by sectoragriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%

Labor force20,470 (2004)

Labor force by occupationagriculture: 0.2%
industry: 40.1%
services: 59.7% (2006 est.)

Unemployment rate3.8% (2004)

Population below poverty lineNA%

Household income or consumption by percentage sharelowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate consumer prices -1.5% (2006)

Budgetrevenues: $709.6 million
expenditures: $672.3 million; including capital expenditures of $23.7 million (2004)

Agriculture productswheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides

Industriestourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine

Industrial production growth rate5.6% (2005 est.)

Exports$1.291 billion (2004)

Exports commoditiesbuilding stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics

Imports$2.035 billion (2004)

Imports commoditieswide variety of consumer manufactures, food

Debt external$NA

Economic aid recipient$NA

Currency code euro (EUR)

Exchange rateseuros per US dollar - 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002)

Communications - San Marino:
Fiscal yearcalendar year

Telephones main lines in use21,000 (2006)

Telephones mobile cellular17,390 (2006)

Telephone systemgeneral assessment: adequate connections
domestic: automatic telephone system completely integrated into Italian system
international: country code - 378; connected to Italian international network

Radio broadcast stationsAM 0, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)

Television broadcast stations1 (San Marino residents also receive broadcasts from Italy) (1997)

Internet country code.sm

Internet hosts3,140 (2006)

Internet users15,400 (2006)

Transportation - San Marino:
Roadwaystotal: 104 km
paved: 104 km (2003)

Military - San Marino:
Military branchesno regular military forces; Voluntary Military Force (Corpi Militari Voluntar) performs ceremonial duties and limited police functions (2006)

Manpower available for military servicemales age 18-49: 6,331 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military servicemales age 18-49: 5,107 (2005 est.)

Military notedefense is the responsibility of Italy

Manpower reaching military service age annuallymales age 18-49: 135 (2005 est.)

Military expenditures percent of gdpNA

This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>