Micronesia, Federated States of

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Introduction - Micronesia, Federated States of:


Micronesia, Federated States of


In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.

Location - Micronesia, Federated States of:


Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia

Geographic coordinates

6 55 N, 158 15 E

Map references



total: 702 sq km
land: 702 sq km
water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)
note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)

Area comparative

four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)

Land boundaries

0 km


6,112 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage


islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m

Natural resources

forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate

Land use

arable land: 5.71%
permanent crops: 45.71%
other: 48.58% (2005)

Irrigated land


Natural hazards

typhoons (June to December)

Environment current issues

overfishing, climate change, pollution

Environment international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography note

four major island groups totaling 607 islands

People - Micronesia, Federated States of:


107,862 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 35.9% (male 19,726/female 19,011)
15-64 years: 61.2% (male 32,891/female 33,071)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 1,379/female 1,784) (2007 est.)

Median age

total: 21.2 years
male: 20.8 years
female: 21.7 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.154% (2007 est.)

Birth rate

24.14 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate

4.66 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate

-21.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio

NA (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 28.15 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 31.08 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 25.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 70.35 years
male: 68.52 years
female: 72.28 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate

3.07 children born/woman (2007 est.)

Hiv aids adult prevalence rate


Hiv aids people living with hiv aids


Hiv aids deaths



noun: Micronesian(s)
adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese

Ethnic groups

Chuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4% (2000 census)


Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%, other 3%


English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89%
male: 91%
female: 88% (1980 est.)

Government - Micronesia, Federated States of:

Country name

conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
conventional short form: none
local long form: Federated States of Micronesia
local short form: none
former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
abbreviation: FSM

Government type

constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force May 2004


name: Palikir
geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 09 E
time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions

4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap


3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)

National holiday

Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)


10 May 1979

Legal system

based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws


18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: President Emmanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (11 May 2007) note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Emmanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (11 May 2007)
cabinet: Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of the eight executive departments
elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators at large for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 11 May 2007 (next to be held May 2011); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections for president and vice president failed
election results: Emmanuel MORI elected president; percent of Congress vote - NA; Alik L. ALIK elected vice president; percent of Congress vote - NA

Legislative branch

unicameral Congress (14 seats; 4 - one elected from each state to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population to serve two-year terms; members elected by popular vote)
elections: last held 6 March 2007 (next to be held in March 2009)
election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 14

Judicial branch

Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

no formal parties

International organization participation


Diplomatic representation in the us

chief of mission: Ambassador Jesse Bibiano MAREHALAU
chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383
FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391
consulate(s) general: Honolulu, Tamuning (Guam)

Diplomatic representation from the us

chief of mission: Ambassador Suzanne K. HALE
embassy: 101 Upper Pics Road, Kolonia
mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, 96941
telephone: [691] 320-2187
FAX: [691] 320-2186

Flag description

light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern

Economy - Micronesia, Federated States of:

Economy overview

Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remote location, a lack of adequate facilities, and limited air connections hinder development. The Amended Compact of Free Association with the US guarantees the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) millions of dollars in annual aid through 2023, and establishes a Trust Fund into which the US and the FSM make annual contributions in order to provide annual payouts to the FSM in perpetuity after 2023. The countrys medium-term economic outlook appears fragile due not only to the reduction in US assistance but also to the current slow growth of the private sector.

Gdp purchasing power parity

$277 million; note - supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually (2002 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate

$232 million (2005)

Gdp real growth rate

0.3% (2005 est.)

Gdp per capita ppp

$2,300 (2005 est.)

Gdp composition by sector

agriculture: 28.9%
industry: 15.2%
services: 55.9% (2004 est.)

Labor force

37,410 (2000)

Labor force by occupation

agriculture 0.9%, industry 34.4%, services 64.7%
note: two-thirds are government employees (FY05 est.)

Unemployment rate

22% (2000 est.)

Population below poverty line

26.7% (2000)

Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate consumer prices

2.2% (2005)


revenues: $127.3 million ($69 million less grants)
expenditures: $144.2 million; including capital expenditures of $17.9 million (FY05 est.)

Agriculture products

black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca), sakau (kava), betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens; fish


tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items from shell, wood, and pearls

Industrial production growth rate


Electricity production

192 million kWh (2002)

Electricity consumption

178.6 million kWh (2002)

Electricity exports

0 kWh (2002)

Electricity imports

0 kWh (2002)

Current account balance

-$34.3 million (FY05 est.)


$14 million (f.o.b.) (2004 est.)

Exports commodities

fish, garments, bananas, black pepper, sakau (kava), betel nut

Exports partners

Japan, US, Guam (2006)


$132.7 million f.o.b. (2004)

Imports commodities

food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages

Imports partners

US, Japan, Hong Kong (2006)

Debt external

$60.8 million (FY05 est.)

Economic aid recipient

$86.3 million
note: under terms of the Compact of Free Association, the US pledged $1.3 billion in grant aid during the period 1986-2001; the level of aid has been subsequently reduced (2004)

Currency code

US dollar (USD)

Exchange rates

the US dollar is used

Communications - Micronesia, Federated States of:

Fiscal year

1 October - 30 September

Telephones main lines in use

12,400 (2005)

Telephones mobile cellular

14,100 (2005)

Telephone system

general assessment: adequate system
domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes), satellite (Intelsat) ground stations, and some coaxial and fiber-optic cable; cellular service available on Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap
international: country code - 691; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2002)

Radio broadcast stations

AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (2004)

Television broadcast stations

3 (cable TV also available) (2004)

Internet country code


Internet hosts

550 (2006)

Internet users

16,000 (2006)

Transportation - Micronesia, Federated States of:


6 (2006)

Airports with paved runways

total: 6
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2006)


total: 240 km
paved: 42 km
unpaved: 198 km (1999)

Merchant marine

total: 2 ships (1000 GRT or over) 2,423 GRT/1,551 DWT
by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 1 (2006)

Ports and terminals

Tomil Harbor

Military - Micronesia, Federated States of:

Military branches

no regular military forces (2007)

Manpower available for military service

males age 18-49: 23,816 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military service

males age 18-49: 18,914 (2005 est.)

Military note

defense is the responsibility of the US

Manpower reaching military service age annually

males age 18-49: 1,305 (2005 est.)

Disputes international


This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>

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