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Micronesia, Federated States of

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Introduction - Micronesia, Federated States of:
CountryMicronesia, Federated States of

BackgroundIn 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.

Location - Micronesia, Federated States of:
LocationOceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia

Geographic coordinates6 55 N, 158 15 E

Map referencesOceania

Areatotal: 702 sq km
land: 702 sq km
water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)
note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)

Area comparativefour times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)

Land boundaries0 km

Coastline6,112 km

Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climatetropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage

Terrainislands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk

Elevation extremeslowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m

Natural resourcesforests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate

Land usearable land: 5.71%
permanent crops: 45.71%
other: 48.58% (2005)

Irrigated landNA

Natural hazardstyphoons (June to December)

Environment current issuesoverfishing, climate change, pollution

Environment international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography notefour major island groups totaling 607 islands

People - Micronesia, Federated States of:
Population107,862 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure0-14 years: 35.9% (male 19,726/female 19,011)
15-64 years: 61.2% (male 32,891/female 33,071)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 1,379/female 1,784) (2007 est.)

Median agetotal: 21.2 years
male: 20.8 years
female: 21.7 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate-0.154% (2007 est.)

Birth rate24.14 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate4.66 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate-21.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratioNA (2007 est.)

Infant mortality ratetotal: 28.15 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 31.08 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 25.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.35 years
male: 68.52 years
female: 72.28 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate3.07 children born/woman (2007 est.)

Hiv aids adult prevalence rateNA

Hiv aids people living with hiv aidsNA

Hiv aids deathsNA

Nationalitynoun: Micronesian(s)
adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese

Ethnic groupsChuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4% (2000 census)

ReligionsRoman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%, other 3%

LanguagesEnglish (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi

Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89%
male: 91%
female: 88% (1980 est.)

Government - Micronesia, Federated States of:
Country nameconventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
conventional short form: none
local long form: Federated States of Micronesia
local short form: none
former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
abbreviation: FSM

Government typeconstitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force May 2004

Capitalname: Palikir
geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 09 E
time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap

Independence3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)

National holidayConstitution Day, 10 May (1979)

Constitution10 May 1979

Legal systembased on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws

Suffrage18 years of age; universal

Executive branchchief of state: President Emmanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (11 May 2007) note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Emmanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (11 May 2007)
cabinet: Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of the eight executive departments
elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators at large for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 11 May 2007 (next to be held May 2011); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections for president and vice president failed
election results: Emmanuel MORI elected president; percent of Congress vote - NA; Alik L. ALIK elected vice president; percent of Congress vote - NA

Legislative branchunicameral Congress (14 seats; 4 - one elected from each state to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population to serve two-year terms; members elected by popular vote)
elections: last held 6 March 2007 (next to be held in March 2009)
election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 14

Judicial branchSupreme Court

Political parties and leadersno formal parties

International organization participationACP, AsDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IOC, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation in the uschief of mission: Ambassador Jesse Bibiano MAREHALAU
chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383
FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391
consulate(s) general: Honolulu, Tamuning (Guam)

Diplomatic representation from the uschief of mission: Ambassador Suzanne K. HALE
embassy: 101 Upper Pics Road, Kolonia
mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, 96941
telephone: [691] 320-2187
FAX: [691] 320-2186

Flag descriptionlight blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern

Economy - Micronesia, Federated States of:
Economy overviewEconomic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remote location, a lack of adequate facilities, and limited air connections hinder development. The Amended Compact of Free Association with the US guarantees the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) millions of dollars in annual aid through 2023, and establishes a Trust Fund into which the US and the FSM make annual contributions in order to provide annual payouts to the FSM in perpetuity after 2023. The countrys medium-term economic outlook appears fragile due not only to the reduction in US assistance but also to the current slow growth of the private sector.

Gdp purchasing power parity $277 million; note - supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually (2002 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate $232 million (2005)

Gdp real growth rate0.3% (2005 est.)

Gdp per capita ppp $2,300 (2005 est.)

Gdp composition by sectoragriculture: 28.9%
industry: 15.2%
services: 55.9% (2004 est.)

Labor force37,410 (2000)

Labor force by occupationagriculture 0.9%, industry 34.4%, services 64.7%
note: two-thirds are government employees (FY05 est.)

Unemployment rate22% (2000 est.)

Population below poverty line26.7% (2000)

Household income or consumption by percentage sharelowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate consumer prices 2.2% (2005)

Budgetrevenues: $127.3 million ($69 million less grants)
expenditures: $144.2 million; including capital expenditures of $17.9 million (FY05 est.)

Agriculture productsblack pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca), sakau (kava), betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens; fish

Industriestourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items from shell, wood, and pearls

Industrial production growth rateNA%

Electricity production192 million kWh (2002)

Electricity consumption178.6 million kWh (2002)

Electricity exports0 kWh (2002)

Electricity imports0 kWh (2002)

Current account balance-$34.3 million (FY05 est.)

Exports$14 million (f.o.b.) (2004 est.)

Exports commoditiesfish, garments, bananas, black pepper, sakau (kava), betel nut

Exports partnersJapan, US, Guam (2006)

Imports$132.7 million f.o.b. (2004)

Imports commoditiesfood, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages

Imports partnersUS, Japan, Hong Kong (2006)

Debt external$60.8 million (FY05 est.)

Economic aid recipient$86.3 million
note: under terms of the Compact of Free Association, the US pledged $1.3 billion in grant aid during the period 1986-2001; the level of aid has been subsequently reduced (2004)

Currency code US dollar (USD)

Exchange ratesthe US dollar is used

Communications - Micronesia, Federated States of:
Fiscal year1 October - 30 September

Telephones main lines in use12,400 (2005)

Telephones mobile cellular14,100 (2005)

Telephone systemgeneral assessment: adequate system
domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes), satellite (Intelsat) ground stations, and some coaxial and fiber-optic cable; cellular service available on Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap
international: country code - 691; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2002)

Radio broadcast stationsAM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (2004)

Television broadcast stations3 (cable TV also available) (2004)

Internet country code.fm

Internet hosts550 (2006)

Internet users16,000 (2006)

Transportation - Micronesia, Federated States of:
Airports6 (2006)

Airports with paved runwaystotal: 6
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2006)

Roadwaystotal: 240 km
paved: 42 km
unpaved: 198 km (1999)

Merchant marinetotal: 2 ships (1000 GRT or over) 2,423 GRT/1,551 DWT
by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 1 (2006)

Ports and terminalsTomil Harbor

Military - Micronesia, Federated States of:
Military branchesno regular military forces (2007)

Manpower available for military servicemales age 18-49: 23,816 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military servicemales age 18-49: 18,914 (2005 est.)

Military notedefense is the responsibility of the US

Manpower reaching military service age annuallymales age 18-49: 1,305 (2005 est.)

Disputes internationalnone

This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>