United Arab Emirates

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Introduction - United Arab Emirates:
Location - United Arab Emirates:
People - United Arab Emirates:
Government - United Arab Emirates:
Economy - United Arab Emirates:

Economy overview

The UAE has an open economy with a high per capita income and a sizable annual trade surplus. Despite largely successful efforts at economic diversification, about 30% of GDP is still directly based on oil and gas output, and the fortunes of the economy fluctuate with the prices of those commodities. Since the discovery of oil in the UAE more than 30 years ago, the UAE has undergone a profound transformation from an impoverished region of small desert principalities to a modern state with a high standard of living. The government has increased spending on job creation and infrastructure expansion and is opening up its utilities to greater private sector involvement. In April 2004, the UAE signed a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) with Washington and in November 2004 agreed to undertake negotiations toward a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the US. Higher oil revenue, strong liquidity, and cheap credit in 2005-06 led to a surge in asset prices (shares and real estate) and consumer inflation. Rising prices are increasing the operating costs for businesses in the UAE and degrading the UAEs allure to foreign investors. Dependence on a large expatriate workforce and oil are significant long-term challenges to the UAEs economy.

Gdp purchasing power parity

$129.5 billion (2006 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate

$164 billion (2006 est.)

Gdp real growth rate

8.9% (2006 est.)

Gdp per capita ppp

$49,700 (2006 est.)

Gdp composition by sector

agriculture: 2.3%
industry: 61.9%
services: 35.8% (2006 est.)

Labor force

2.968 million (2006 est.)

Labor force by occupation

agriculture: 7%
industry: 15%
services: 78% (2000 est.)

Unemployment rate

2.4% (2001)

Population below poverty line


Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate consumer prices

10% (2006 est.)

Investment gross fixed

24.3% of GDP (2006 est.)


revenues: $60.3 billion
expenditures: $35.2 billion; including capital expenditures of $5.9 billion (2006 est.)

Public debt

9% of GDP (2006 est.)

Agriculture products

dates, vegetables, watermelons; poultry, eggs, dairy products; fish


petroleum and petrochemicals; fishing, aluminum, cement, fertilizers, commercial ship repair, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, textiles

Industrial production growth rate

4% (2000)

Electricity production

49.52 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity consumption

46.05 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity exports

0 kWh (2004)

Electricity imports

0 kWh (2004)

Oil production

2.54 million bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil consumption

400,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil exports

2.54 million bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil imports

137,200 bbl/day (2004)

Oil proved reserves

97.8 billion bbl (1 January 2005 est.)

Natural gas production

46.29 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas consumption

40.31 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas exports

7.18 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas imports

1.2 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas proved reserves

6.006 trillion cu m (1 January 2005 est.)

Current account balance

$26.89 billion (2006 est.)


$137.1 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Exports commodities

crude oil 45%, natural gas, reexports, dried fish, dates

Exports partners

Japan 25.9%, South Korea 10.3%, Thailand 5.9%, India 4.5% (2006)


$88.89 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Imports commodities

machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food

Imports partners

US 11.4%, China 11%, India 9.8%, Germany 6.2%, Japan 5.8%, UK 5.5%, France 4.1%, Italy 4% (2006)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$25.51 billion (2006 est.)

Economic aid donor

since its founding in 1971, the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development has given about $5.2 billion in aid to 56 countries (2004)

Debt external

$39.1 billion (2006 est.)

Currency code

Emirati dirham (AED)

Exchange rates

Emirati dirhams per US dollar - 3.673 (2006), 3.6725 (2005), 3.6725 (2004), 3.6725 (2003), 3.6725 (2002)
note: officially pegged to the US dollar since February 2002

Communications - United Arab Emirates:
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Military - United Arab Emirates:
This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>

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United Arab Emirates

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United Arab Emirates

Photo: United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates

Photo: United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates

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United Arab Emirates

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