Tanzania

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Introduction - Tanzania:
Location - Tanzania:
People - Tanzania:

Population

39,384,223
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 43.9% (male 8,666,227/female 8,624,387)
15-64 years: 53.3% (male 10,330,727/female 10,649,507)
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 491,252/female 622,123) (2007 est.)

Median age

total: 17.7 years
male: 17.4 years
female: 17.9 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate

2.091% (2007 est.)

Birth rate

35.95 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate

13.36 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate

-1.68 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.005 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 71.69 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 78.84 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 64.33 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 50.71 years
male: 49.41 years
female: 52.04 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate

4.77 children born/woman (2007 est.)

Hiv aids adult prevalence rate

8.8% (2003 est.)

Hiv aids people living with hiv aids

1.6 million (2003 est.)

Hiv aids deaths

160,000 (2003 est.)

Nationality

noun: Tanzanian(s)
adjective: Tanzanian

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, Rift Valley fever and plague are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2007)

Ethnic groups

mainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African

Religions

mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim

Languages

Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic
total population: 69.4%
male: 77.5%
female: 62.2% (2002 census)

Government - Tanzania:
Economy - Tanzania:
Communications - Tanzania:
Transportation - Tanzania:
Military - Tanzania:
This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>


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