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Introduction - Paraguay:
Location - Paraguay:
People - Paraguay:
Government - Paraguay:
Economy - Paraguay:

Economy overview

Landlocked Paraguay has a market economy marked by a large informal sector. This sector features both reexport of imported consumer goods to neighboring countries, as well as the activities of thousands of microenterprises and urban street vendors. Because of the importance of the informal sector, accurate economic measures are difficult to obtain. A large percentage of the population derives its living from agricultural activity, often on a subsistence basis. On a per capita basis, real income has stagnated at 1980 levels. Most observers attribute Paraguays poor economic performance to political uncertainty, corruption, lack of progress on structural reform, substantial internal and external debt, and deficient infrastructure. Aided by a firmer exchange rate and perhaps a greater confidence in the economic policy of the DUARTE FRUTOS administration, the economy rebounded between 2003 and 2006, posting modest growth each year.

Gdp purchasing power parity

$31.26 billion (2006 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate

$7.754 billion (2006 est.)

Gdp real growth rate

4% (2006 est.)

Gdp per capita ppp

$4,800 (2006 est.)

Gdp composition by sector

agriculture: 22.4%
industry: 18.4%
services: 59.2% (2006 est.)

Labor force

2.742 million (2006 est.)

Labor force by occupation

agriculture: 45%
industry: NA%
services: NA%

Unemployment rate

9.4% (2005 est.)

Population below poverty line

32% (2005 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: 0.5%
highest 10%: 43.8% (1998)

Distribution of family income gini index

56.8 (1999)

Inflation rate consumer prices

12.5% (2006 est.)

Investment gross fixed

19.3% of GDP (2006 est.)


revenues: $1.773 billion
expenditures: $1.733 billion; including capital expenditures of $700 million (2006 est.)

Public debt

31.3% of GDP (2006 est.)

Agriculture products

cotton, sugarcane, soybeans, corn, wheat, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), fruits, vegetables; beef, pork, eggs, milk; timber


sugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, electric power

Industrial production growth rate

0% (2000 est.)

Electricity production

51.77 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity consumption

3.133 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity exports

45.01 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity imports

0 kWh (2004)

Oil production

0 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil consumption

27,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil exports

NA bbl/day

Oil imports

NA bbl/day

Oil proved reserves

0 bbl

Natural gas production

0 cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas consumption

0 cu m (2004 est.)

Current account balance

-$300 million (2006 est.)


$1.69 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)

Exports commodities

soybeans, feed, cotton, meat, edible oils, electricity, wood, leather

Exports partners

Uruguay 22%, Brazil 17.2%, Russia 11.9%, Argentina 8.8%, Chile 6.9% (2006)


$4.5 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Imports commodities

road vehicles, consumer goods, tobacco, petroleum products, electrical machinery

Imports partners

China 27%, Brazil 20%, Argentina 13.6%, Japan 8.3%, US 6.4% (2006)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$1.543 billion (2006 est.)

Debt external

$3.722 billion (2006 est.)

Economic aid recipient


Currency code

guarani (PYG)

Exchange rates

guarani per US dollar - 5,672.8 (2006), 6,178 (2005), 5,974.6 (2004), 6,424.3 (2003), 5,716.3 (2002)

Communications - Paraguay:
Transportation - Paraguay:
Military - Paraguay:
This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>

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