Italy

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Introduction - Italy:
Location - Italy:
People - Italy:
Government - Italy:
Economy - Italy:

Economy overview

Italy has a diversified industrial economy with roughly the same total and per capita output as France and the UK. This capitalistic economy remains divided into a developed industrial north, dominated by private companies, and a less-developed, welfare-dependent, agricultural south, with 20% unemployment. Most raw materials needed by industry and more than 75% of energy requirements are imported. Over the past decade, Italy has pursued a tight fiscal policy in order to meet the requirements of the Economic and Monetary Unions and has benefited from lower interest and inflation rates. The current government has enacted numerous short-term reforms aimed at improving competitiveness and long-term growth. Italy has moved slowly, however, on implementing needed structural reforms, such as lightening the high tax burden and overhauling Italys rigid labor market and over-generous pension system, because of the current economic slowdown and opposition from labor unions. But the leadership faces a severe economic constraint: the budget deficit has breached the 3% EU ceiling. The economy experienced low growth in 2006, and unemployment remained at a high level.

Gdp purchasing power parity

$1.756 trillion (2006 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate

$1.785 trillion (2006 est.)

Gdp real growth rate

1.9% (2006 est.)

Gdp per capita ppp

$30,200 (2006 est.)

Gdp composition by sector

agriculture: 2%
industry: 29.1%
services: 69% (2006 est.)

Labor force

24.63 million (2006 est.)

Labor force by occupation

agriculture: 5%
industry: 32%
services: 63% (2001)

Unemployment rate

7% (2006 est.)

Population below poverty line

NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 26.6% (2000)

Distribution of family income gini index

36 (2000)

Inflation rate consumer prices

2.3% (2006 est.)

Investment gross fixed

20.8% of GDP (2006 est.)

Budget

revenues: $832.9 billion
expenditures: $925 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2006 est.)

Public debt

107.8% of GDP (2006 est.)

Agriculture products

fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, dairy products; fish

Industries

tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics

Industrial production growth rate

1.5% (2006 est.)

Electricity production

277.6 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity consumption

303.8 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity exports

800 million kWh (2004)

Electricity imports

46.4 billion kWh (2004)

Oil production

145,100 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil consumption

1.881 million bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil exports

521,400 bbl/day (2004)

Oil imports

2.182 million bbl/day (2004)

Oil proved reserves

621.7 million bbl (1 January 2005)

Natural gas production

12.96 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas consumption

80.61 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas exports

396 million cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas imports

67.91 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas proved reserves

226.5 billion cu m (1 January 2005 est.)

Current account balance

-$23.73 billion (2006 est.)

Exports

$450.1 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Exports commodities

engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals; food, beverages and tobacco; minerals, and nonferrous metals

Exports partners

Germany 13.2%, France 11.7%, US 7.6%, Spain 7.3%, UK 6.1% (2006)

Imports

$445.6 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Imports commodities

engineering products, chemicals, transport equipment, energy products, minerals and nonferrous metals, textiles and clothing; food, beverages, and tobacco

Imports partners

Germany 16.7%, France 9.2%, Netherlands 5.6%, China 5.2%, Belgium 4.2%, Spain 4.1% (2006)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$70.5 billion (2006 est.)

Economic aid donor

ODA, $1 billion (2002 est.)

Debt external

$1.957 trillion (30 June 2006 est.)

Currency code

euro (EUR)
note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries

Exchange rates

euros per US dollar - 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002)

Communications - Italy:
Transportation - Italy:
Military - Italy:
This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>


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