Isle of man

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Introduction - Isle of Man:


Isle of Man


Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Gaelic language. Isle of Man is a British crown dependency, but is not part of the UK. However, the UK Government remains constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

Location - Isle of Man:


Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland

Geographic coordinates

54 15 N, 4 30 W

Map references



total: 572 sq km
land: 572 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area comparative

slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries

0 km


160 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm


temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about one-third of the time


hills in north and south bisected by central valley

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Irish Sea 0 m
highest point: Snaefell 621 m

Natural resources


Land use

arable land: 9%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 91% (permanent pastures, forests, mountain, and heathland) (2002)

Irrigated land

0 sq km

Natural hazards


Environment current issues

waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollution

Geography note

one small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest, and is a bird sanctuary

People - Isle of Man:


75,831 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 17.1% (male 6,645/female 6,330)
15-64 years: 65.8% (male 25,085/female 24,840)
65 years and over: 17.1% (male 5,232/female 7,699) (2007 est.)

Dependency status

British crown dependency

Median age

total: 39.8 years
male: 38.6 years
female: 41.2 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate

0.513% (2007 est.)

Birth rate

10.96 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate

11.1 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate

5.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 0.951 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 5.72 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.67 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 78.64 years
male: 75.3 years
female: 82.17 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.65 children born/woman (2007 est.)

Hiv aids adult prevalence rate


Hiv aids people living with hiv aids


Hiv aids deaths



noun: Manxman (men), Manxwoman (women)
adjective: Manx

Ethnic groups

Manx (Norse-Celtic descent), Britons


Anglican, Roman Catholic, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends


English, Manx Gaelic


definition: NA
total population: NA%
male: NA%
female: NA%

Government - Isle of Man:

Country name

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Isle of Man
abbreviation: I.O.M.

Government type

parliamentary democracy


name: Douglas
geographic coordinates: 54 09 N, 4 29 W
time difference: UTC 0 (five hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative divisions

none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections


none (British crown dependency)

National holiday

Tynwald Day, 5 July


unwritten; note - The Isle of Man Constitution Act of 1961 does not embody the unwritten Manx Constitution

Legal system

the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply and Manx statutes


16 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir Paul K. HADDACKS (since 17 October 2005)
head of government: Chief Minister Tony BROWN (since 14 December 2006)
cabinet: Council of Ministers
elections: the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch for a five-year term; the chief minister is elected by the Tynwald; election last held 14 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2008)
election results: House of Keys speaker Tony BROWN elected chief minister by the Tynwald

Legislative branch

bicameral Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (11 seats; members composed of the President of Tynwald, the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, a nonvoting attorney general, and 8 others named by the House of Keys) and the House of Keys (24 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: House of Keys - last held 23 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2011)
election results: House of Keys - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Liberal Vannin Party 2, Man Labor Party 1, independents 21

Judicial branch

High Court of Justice (justices are appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor)

Political parties and leaders

Alliance for Progressive Government; Liberal Vannin Party [Peter KARRAN]; Man Labor Party; Man Nationalist Party (Mec Vannin) [Bernard MOFFATT]
note: most members sit as independents

Political pressure groups and leaders


International organization participation


Diplomatic representation in the us

none (British crown dependency)

Diplomatic representation from the us

none (British crown dependency)

Flag description

red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (Trinacria), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used

Economy - Isle of Man:

Economy overview

Offshore banking, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government offers incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island; this has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their shares of GDP. The Isle of Man also attracts online gambling sites and the film industry. Trade is mostly with the UK. The Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets.

Gdp purchasing power parity

$2.719 billion (2005 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate

$2.719 billion (2005 est.)

Gdp real growth rate

5.2% (2005)

Gdp per capita ppp

$35,000 (2005 est.)

Gdp composition by sector

agriculture: 1%
industry: 13%
services: 86% (2000 est.)

Labor force

39,690 (2001)

Labor force by occupation

agriculture, forestry, and fishing 3%, manufacturing 11%, construction 10%, transport and communication 8%, wholesale and retail distribution 11%, professional and scientific services 18%, public administration 6%, banking and finance 18%, tourism 2%, entertainment and catering 3%, miscellaneous services 10%

Unemployment rate

1.5% (December 2006 est.)

Population below poverty line


Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate consumer prices

3.1% (December 2006 est.)


revenues: $965 million
expenditures: $943 million; including capital expenditures of $96 million (FY05/06 est.)

Agriculture products

cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry


financial services, light manufacturing, tourism

Industrial production growth rate

3.2% (FY96/97)



Exports commodities

tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb

Exports partners

UK (2006)



Imports commodities

timber, fertilizers, fish

Imports partners

UK (2006)

Debt external


Economic aid recipient


Currency code

British pound (GBP); note - there is also a Manx pound

Exchange rates

Manx pounds per US dollar - 0.5418 (2006), 0.5493 (2005), 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003), 0.6672 (2002)
note: the Manx pound is at par with the British pound

Communications - Isle of Man:

Fiscal year

1 April - 31 March

Telephones main lines in use

51,000 (1999)

Telephone system

general assessment: NA
domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system
international: fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable

Radio broadcast stations

AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)

Television broadcast stations

0 (receives broadcasts from the UK and satellite) (1999)

Internet country code


Internet hosts

290 (2006)

Internet users


Transportation - Isle of Man:


1 (2006)

Airports with paved runways

total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2006)


total: 65 km
standard gauge: 7 km 1.067-m gauge (7 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 58 km 0.914-m gauge (29 km electrified)
note: primarily summer tourist attractions (2006)


total: 800 km
paved: 800 km (1999)

Merchant marine

total: 305 ships (1000 GRT or over) 8,266,229 GRT/13,792,927 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 38, cargo 65, chemical tanker 53, container 16, liquefied gas 38, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 74, refrigerated cargo 5, roll on/roll off 9, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 5
foreign-owned: 213 (Cyprus 1, Denmark 53, Estonia 2, France 2, Germany 56, Greece 45, Italy 5, Japan 4, Monaco 3, Netherlands 1, Norway 27, Singapore 7, Sweden 1, Turkey 3, US 3)
registered in other countries: 9 (Antigua and Barbuda 2, Liberia 5, Marshall Islands 1, NZ 1) (2006)

Ports and terminals

Castletown, Douglas, Ramsey

Military - Isle of Man:

Military note

defense is the responsibility of the UK

This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>

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