Ireland

Ireland: Travel tips, articles, photos, gallery, cities database, population, pics, flags, statistics, free maps online


Back to Countries, Click to read the whole article: Ireland

Introduction - Ireland:

Country

Ireland

Background

Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600-150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. In 1948 Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland is being implemented with some difficulties. In 2006, the Irish and British governments developed and began working to implement the St. Andrews Agreement, building on the Good Friday Agreement approved in 1998.

Location - Ireland:

Location

Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

Geographic coordinates

53 00 N, 8 00 W

Map references

Europe

Area

total: 70,280 sq km
land: 68,890 sq km
water: 1,390 sq km

Area comparative

slightly larger than West Virginia

Land boundaries

total: 360 km
border countries: UK 360 km

Coastline

1,448 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

Climate

temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time

Terrain

mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Carrauntoohil 1,041 m

Natural resources

natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite

Land use

arable land: 16.82%
permanent crops: 0.03%
other: 83.15% (2005)

Irrigated land

NA

Natural hazards

NA

Environment current issues

water pollution, especially of lakes, from agricultural runoff

Environment international agreements

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Marine Life Conservation

Geography note

strategic location on major air and sea routes between North America and northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 100 km of Dublin

People - Ireland:

Population

4,109,086 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 20.8% (male 442,664/female 413,556)
15-64 years: 67.5% (male 1,387,803/female 1,385,355)
65 years and over: 11.7% (male 212,782/female 266,926) (2007 est.)

Median age

total: 34.3 years
male: 33.5 years
female: 35.1 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate

1.143% (2007 est.)

Birth rate

14.4 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate

7.79 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate

4.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.002 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.797 male(s)/female
total population: 0.989 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 5.22 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.72 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.69 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 77.9 years
male: 75.27 years
female: 80.7 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.86 children born/woman (2007 est.)

Hiv aids adult prevalence rate

0.1% (2001 est.)

Hiv aids people living with hiv aids

2,800 (2001 est.)

Hiv aids deaths

less than 100 (2003 est.)

Nationality

noun: Irishman(men), Irishwoman(women), Irish (collective plural)
adjective: Irish

Ethnic groups

Celtic, English

Religions

Roman Catholic 88.4%, Church of Ireland 3%, other Christian 1.6%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2%, none 3.5% (2002 census)

Languages

English (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official) spoken mainly in areas located along the western seaboard

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)

Government - Ireland:

Country name

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Ireland
local long form: none
local short form: Eire

Government type

republic, parliamentary democracy

Capital

name: Dublin
geographic coordinates: 53 19 N, 6 14 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative divisions

26 counties; Carlow, Cavan, Clare, Cork, Donegal, Dublin, Galway, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Leitrim, Limerick, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo, Tipperary, Waterford, Westmeath, Wexford, Wicklow
note: Cavan, Donegal, and Monaghan are part of Ulster Province

Independence

6 December 1921 (from UK by treaty)

National holiday

Saint Patricks Day, 17 March

Constitution

adopted 1 July 1937 by plebiscite; effective 29 December 1937

Legal system

based on English common law, substantially modified by indigenous concepts; judicial review of legislative acts in Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Suffrage

18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: President Mary MCALEESE (since 11 November 1997)
head of government: Prime Minister Bertie AHERN (since 26 June 1997)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president with previous nomination by the prime minister and approval of the House of Representatives
elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 31 October 1997 (next scheduled for October 2011); note - Mary MCALEESE appointed to a second term when no other candidate qualified for the 2004 presidential election; prime minister (taoiseach) nominated by the House of Representatives and appointed by the president
election results: Mary MCALEESE elected president; percent of vote - Mary MCALEESE 44.8%, Mary BANOTTI 29.6%
note: government coalition - Fianna Fail, the Green Party and the Progressive Democrats

Legislative branch

bicameral Parliament or Oireachtas consists of the Senate or Seanad Eireann (60 seats; 49 members elected by the universities and from candidates put forward by five vocational panels, 11 are nominated by the prime minister; to serve five-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Dail Eireann (166 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms)
elections: Senate - last held 16 and 17 July 2002 (next to be held by July 2007); House of Representatives - last held 24 May 2007 (next to be held by May 2012)
election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Fianna Fail 30, Fine Gael 15, Labor Party 5, Progressive Democrats 4, independents and other 6; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - Fianna Fail 41.6%, Fine Gael 27.3%, Labor Party 10.1%, Sinn Fein 6.9%, Green Party 4.7%, Progressive Democrats 2.7%, other 6.7%; seats by party - Fianna Fail 78, Fine Gael 51, Labor Party 20, Sinn Fein 4, Green Party 6, Progressive Democrats 2, other 5

Judicial branch

Supreme Court (judges appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister and cabinet)

Political parties and leaders

Fianna Fail [Bertie AHERN]; Fine Gael [Enda KENNY]; Green Party [Trevor SARGENT, acting leader]; Labor Party [Pat RABBITTE]; Progressive Democrats [Michael McDOWELL]; Sinn Fein [Gerry ADAMS]; Socialist Party [Joe HIGGINS]; The Workers Party [Sean GARLAND]

Political pressure groups and leaders

NA

International organization participation

AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUC, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WEU (observer), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

Diplomatic representation in the us

chief of mission: Ambassador Noel FAHEY
chancery: 2234 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 462-3939
FAX: [1] (202) 232-5993
consulate(s) general: Boston, Chicago, New York, San Francisco

Diplomatic representation from the us

chief of mission: Ambassador Thomas C. FOLEY
embassy: 42 Elgin Road, Ballsbridge, Dublin 4
mailing address: use embassy street address
telephone: [353] (1) 668-8777
FAX: [353] (1) 668-9946

Flag description

three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and orange; similar to the flag of Cote dIvoire, which is shorter and has the colors reversed - orange (hoist side), white, and green; also similar to the flag of Italy, which is shorter and has colors of green (hoist side), white, and red

Economy - Ireland:

Economy overview

Ireland is a small, modern, trade-dependent economy with growth averaging 6% in 1995-2006. Agriculture, once the most important sector, is now dwarfed by industry and services. Industry accounts for 46% of GDP, about 80% of exports, and 29% of the labor force. Although exports remain the primary engine for Irelands growth, the economy has also benefited from a rise in consumer spending, construction, and business investment. Per capita GDP is 40% above that of the four big European economies and the second highest in the EU behind Luxembourg. Over the past decade, the Irish Government has implemented a series of national economic programs designed to curb price and wage inflation, reduce government spending, increase labor force skills, and promote foreign investment. Ireland joined in circulating the euro on 1 January 2002 along with 11 other EU nations.

Gdp purchasing power parity

$180.7 billion (2006 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate

$204.4 billion (2006 est.)

Gdp real growth rate

6% (2006 est.)

Gdp per capita ppp

$44,500 (2006 est.)

Gdp composition by sector

agriculture: 5%
industry: 46%
services: 49% (2002 est.)

Labor force

2.12 million (2006 est.)

Labor force by occupation

agriculture: 8%
industry: 29%
services: 64% (2002 est.)

Unemployment rate

4.3% (2006 est.)

Population below poverty line

10% (1997 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: 2%
highest 10%: 27.3% (1997)

Distribution of family income gini index

35.9 (1996)

Inflation rate consumer prices

3.9% (2006 est.)

Investment gross fixed

28% of GDP (2006 est.)

Budget

revenues: $74.49 billion
expenditures: $73.05 billion; including capital expenditures of $5.5 billion (2006 est.)

Public debt

22.8% of GDP (2006 est.)

Agriculture products

turnips, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, wheat; beef, dairy products

Industries

steel, lead, zinc, silver, aluminum, barite, and gypsum mining processing; food products, brewing, textiles, clothing; chemicals, pharmaceuticals; machinery, rail transportation equipment, passenger and commercial vehicles, ship construction and refurbishment; glass and crystal; software, tourism

Industrial production growth rate

5% (2006 est.)

Electricity production

23.26 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity consumption

23.23 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity exports

0 kWh (2004)

Electricity imports

1.6 billion kWh (2004)

Oil production

0 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil consumption

182,400 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil exports

23,360 bbl/day (2004)

Oil imports

204,400 bbl/day (2004)

Oil proved reserves

0 bbl (1 January 2005)

Natural gas production

855 million cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas consumption

4.295 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas exports

0 cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas imports

3.44 billion cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas proved reserves

19.82 billion cu m (1 January 2005 est.)

Current account balance

-$9.45 billion (2006 est.)

Exports

$119.8 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Exports commodities

machinery and equipment, computers, chemicals, pharmaceuticals; live animals, animal products

Exports partners

US 18.8%, UK 17.4%, Belgium 15.9%, Germany 7.5%, France 5.6%, Italy 4.1% (2006)

Imports

$87.36 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Imports commodities

data processing equipment, other machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum and petroleum products, textiles, clothing

Imports partners

UK 37.3%, US 11.6%, Germany 9.5%, Netherlands 4.6% (2006)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$842.5 million (August 2006 est.)

Economic aid donor

ODA, $607 million (2004)

Debt external

$1.392 trillion (30 June 2006)

Currency code

euro (EUR)
note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries

Exchange rates

euros per US dollar - 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002)

Communications - Ireland:

Fiscal year

calendar year

Telephones main lines in use

2.097 million (2006)

Telephones mobile cellular

4.69 million (2006)

Telephone system

general assessment: modern digital system using cable and microwave radio relay
domestic: microwave radio relay
international: country code - 353; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Radio broadcast stations

AM 9, FM 106, shortwave 0 (1998)

Television broadcast stations

4 (many repeaters) (2001)

Internet country code

.ie

Internet hosts

238,191 (2006)

Internet users

1.437 million (2006)

Transportation - Ireland:

Airports

36 (2006)

Airports with paved runways

total: 15
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 6 (2006)

Airports with unpaved runways

total: 21
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 17 (2006)

Pipelines

gas 1,728 km (2006)

Railways

total: 3,237 km
broad gauge: 1,872 km 1.600-m gauge (37 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 1,365 km 0.914-m gauge (operated by the Irish Peat Board to transport peat to power stations and briquetting plants) (2006)

Roadways

total: 96,602 km
paved: 96,602 km (includes 200 km of expressways) (2003)

Waterways

956 km (pleasure craft only) (2007)

Merchant marine

total: 23 ships (1000 GRT or over) 103,589 GRT/145,044 DWT
by type: cargo 19, chemical tanker 2, container 1, roll on/roll off 1
foreign-owned: 4 (Germany 2, US 2)
registered in other countries: 21 (Bahamas 2, Bermuda 1, Cyprus 3, Gibraltar 1, Netherlands 10, Panama 2, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1, UK 1) (2006)

Ports and terminals

Cork, Dublin, New Ross, Shannon Foynes, Waterford

Military - Ireland:

Military branches

Irish Defense Forces (Oglaigh na h-Eireann): Army (includes Naval Service and Air Corps) (2006)

Military service age and obligation

17 years of age for voluntary military service; enlistees under the age of 17 can be recruited for specialist positions (2001)

Manpower available for military service

males age 17-49: 977,092
females age 17-49: 978,465 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military service

males age 17-49: 814,768
females age 17-49: 813,981 (2005 est.)

Manpower reaching military service age annually

males age 18-49: 29,327
females age 17-49: 28,139 (2005 est.)

Military expenditures percent of gdp

0.9% (2005 est.)

Disputes international

Ireland, Iceland, and the UK dispute Denmarks claim that the Faroe Islands continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm

This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>


Map of country  Ireland on-line :
All cities of country  Ireland :
Biggest cities of country Ireland :
Photo to article  Ireland :



Free IQ test online

An Intelligence Quotient or IQ is a score derived from one of several different standardized tests attempting to measure intelligence. Although the term "IQ" is still in common use, the scoring of modern IQ tests such as the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale is now based on a projection of the subject's measured rank on the Gaussian bell curve with a center value (average IQ) of 100, and a standard deviation of 15, although different tests may have different standard deviations. The average IQ scores for many populations have been rising at an average rate of three points per decade since the early 20th century with most of the increase in the lower half of the IQ range: a phenomenon called the Flynn effect. It is disputed whether these changes in scores reflect real changes in intellectual abilities, or merely methodological problems with past or present testing. (Wikipedie)

IQ test lasts approximately 30 minutes and contains 40 questions !

In the IQ test you must focus on the maximum. Test questions are simple. In the IQ test may not use the calculator and paper.

Free IQ test online :





Banner on your page · Visitor's book · Besplatnye igry onlajn · Free games online · CZ Hry  · RoboStav
Copyright (c) 2020 by TiptopGlobe.com. All Rights Reserved!


Photo: Ireland
Ireland



Photo: Ireland
Ireland



Photo: Ireland
Ireland



Photo: Ireland
Ireland



Photo: Ireland
Ireland



Photogallery (30)


Add photo...


Free IQ test

Games Online