Guyana

Guyana: Travel tips, articles, photos, gallery, cities database, population, pics, flags, statistics, free maps online


Back to Countries, Click to read the whole article: Guyana
Introduction - Guyana:
CountryGuyana
BackgroundOriginally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. This ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the countrys first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Janet JAGAN, became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was reelected in 2001 and again in 2006.
Location - Guyana:
LocationNorthern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela
Geographic coordinates5 00 N, 59 00 W
Map referencesSouth America
Areatotal: 214,970 sq km
land: 196,850 sq km
water: 18,120 sq km
Area comparativeslightly smaller than Idaho
Land boundariestotal: 2,949 km
border countries: Brazil 1,606 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km
Coastline459 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
Climatetropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January)
Terrainmostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south
Elevation extremeslowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m
Natural resourcesbauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Land usearable land: 2.23%
permanent crops: 0.14%
other: 97.63% (2005)
Irrigated land1,500 sq km (2003)
Natural hazardsflash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons
Environment current issueswater pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation
Environment international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography notethe third-smallest country in South America after Suriname and Uruguay; substantial portions of its western and eastern territories are claimed by Venezuela and Suriname respectively
People - Guyana:
Population769,095
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.1% (male 102,111/female 98,325)
15-64 years: 68.6% (male 266,288/female 261,620)
65 years and over: 5.3% (male 17,308/female 23,443) (2007 est.)
Median agetotal: 27.8 years
male: 27.3 years
female: 28.3 years (2007 est.)
Population growth rate0.234% (2007 est.)
Birth rate18.09 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death rate8.28 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Net migration rate-7.47 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.039 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.018 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.738 male(s)/female
total population: 1.006 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 31.35 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 34.93 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 27.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 66.17 years
male: 63.52 years
female: 68.95 years (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate2.04 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Hiv aids adult prevalence rate2.5% (2003 est.)
Hiv aids people living with hiv aids11,000 (2003 est.)
Hiv aids deaths1,100 (2003 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Guyanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Guyanese
Ethnic groupsEast Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%
ReligionsChristian 50%, Hindu 35%, Muslim 10%, other 5%
LanguagesEnglish, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 98.8%
male: 99.1%
female: 98.5% (2003 est.)
Government - Guyana:
Country nameconventional long form: Cooperative Republic of Guyana
conventional short form: Guyana
former: British Guiana
Government typerepublic
Capitalname: Georgetown
geographic coordinates: 6 48 N, 58 10 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions10 regions; Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaica, East Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Mahaica-Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo
Independence26 May 1966 (from UK)
National holidayRepublic Day, 23 February (1970)
Constitution6 October 1980
Legal systembased on English common law with certain admixtures of Roman-Dutch law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Executive branchchief of state: President Bharrat JAGDEO (since 11 August 1999); note - assumed presidency after resignation of President Janet JAGAN and reelected in 2001, and again in 2006
head of government: Prime Minister Samuel HINDS (since October 1992, except for a period as chief of state after the death of President Cheddi JAGAN on 6 March 1997)
cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president, responsible to the legislature
elections: president elected by popular vote as leader of a party list in parliamentary elections, which must be held at least every five years (no term limits); elections last held 28 August 2006 (next to be held by August 2011); prime minister appointed by the president
election results: President Bharrat JAGDEO reelected; percent of vote 54.6%
Legislative branchunicameral National Assembly (65 seats; members elected by popular vote, also not more than 4 non-elected non-voting ministers and 2 non-elected non-voting parliamentary secretaries appointed by the president; to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 28 August 2006 (next to be held by August 2011)
election results: percent of vote by party - PPP/C 54.6%, PNC/R 34%, AFC 8.1%, other 3.3%; seats by party - PPP/C 36, PNC/R 22, AFC 5, other 2
Judicial branchSupreme Court of Judicature, consisting of the High Court and the Judicial Court of Appeal, with right of final appeal to the Caribbean Court of Justice
Political parties and leadersAlliance for Change or AFC [Raphael TROTMAN and Khemraj RAMJATTAN]; Guyana Action Party or GAP [Paul HARDY]; Justice for All Party [C.N. SHARMA]; Peoples National Congress/Reform or PNC/R [Robert Herman Orlando CORBIN]; Peoples Progressive Party/Civic or PPP/C [Bharrat JAGDEO]; Rise, Organize, and Rebuild or ROAR [Ravi DEV]; The United Force or TUF [Manzoor NADIR]; The Unity Party [Joey JAGAN]; Vision Guyana [Peter RAMSAROOP]; Working Peoples Alliance or WPA [Rupert ROOPNARAINE]
Political pressure groups and leadersAmerindian Peoples Association; Guyana Citizens Initiative; Guyana Bar Association; Guyana Human Rights Association; Guyana Public Service Union or GPSU; Private Sector Commission; Trades Union Congress
International organization participationACP, C, Caricom, CDB, CSN, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (subscriber), ITU, ITUC, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the uschief of mission: Ambassador Bayney KARRAN
chancery: 2490 Tracy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 265-6900
FAX: [1] (202) 232-1297
consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the uschief of mission: Ambassador David M. ROBINSON
embassy: 100 Young and Duke Streets, Kingston, Georgetown
mailing address: P. O. Box 10507, Georgetown; US Embassy, 3170 Georgetown Place, Washington DC 20521-3170
telephone: [592] 225-4900 through 4909
FAX: [592] 225-8497
Flag descriptiongreen, with a red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a long, yellow arrowhead; there is a narrow, black border between the red and yellow, and a narrow, white border between the yellow and the green
Economy - Guyana:
Economy overviewThe Guyanese economy exhibited moderate economic growth in 2001-02, based on expansion in the agricultural and mining sectors, a more favorable atmosphere for business initiatives, a more realistic exchange rate, fairly low inflation, and the continued support of international organizations. Chronic problems include a shortage of skilled labor and a deficient infrastructure. The government is juggling a sizable external debt against the urgent need for expanded public investment. The Inter-American Development Bank in November 2006 canceled Guyanas nearly $400 million debt with the Bank. The bauxite mining sector should benefit in the near term from restructuring and partial privatization. Export earnings from agriculture and mining have fallen sharply, while the import bill has risen, driven by higher energy prices. Guyanas entrance into the Caricom Single Market and Economy (CSME) in January 2006 will broaden the countrys export market, primarily in the raw materials sector.
Gdp purchasing power parity $3.711 billion (2006 est.)
Gdp official exchange rate $836.7 million (2006 est.)
Gdp real growth rate4.5% (2006 est.)
Gdp per capita ppp $4,800 (2006 est.)
Gdp composition by sectoragriculture: 35.5%
industry: 19.3%
services: 45.2% (2006 est.)
Labor force418,000 (2001 est.)
Labor force by occupationagriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Unemployment rate9.1% (understated) (2000)
Population below poverty lineNA%
Household income or consumption by percentage sharelowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate consumer prices 6% (2006 est.)
Investment gross fixed 31.5% of GDP (2006 est.)
Budgetrevenues: $359.9 million
expenditures: $430.3 million; including capital expenditures of $93.4 million (2006 est.)
Agriculture productssugarcane, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish, shrimp
Industriesbauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining
Industrial production growth rateNA%
Electricity production818.8 million kWh (2004)
Electricity consumption761.5 million kWh (2004)
Electricity exports0 kWh (2004)
Electricity imports0 kWh (2004)
Oil production0 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil consumption11,200 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil exportsNA bbl/day
Oil importsNA bbl/day
Oil proved reserves0 bbl
Natural gas production0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas consumption0 cu m (2004 est.)
Current account balance-$84.3 million (2006 est.)
Exports$621.6 million f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports commoditiessugar, gold, bauxite, alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber
Exports partnersUS 18.7%, Canada 16.3%, UK 8.6%, Portugal 6.5%, Jamaica 6.1%, Trinidad and Tobago 4.9%, Netherlands 4.3%, Belgium 4.3% (2006)
Imports$706.9 million f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports commoditiesmanufactures, machinery, petroleum, food
Imports partnersTrinidad and Tobago 23%, US 21.3%, China 9.7%, Cuba 6.3%, UK 4.5% (2006)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold$294.9 million (2006 est.)
Debt external$1.2 billion (2002)
Economic aid recipient$84 million (1995), Heavily Indebted Poor Country Initiative (HIPC) $253 million (1997)
Currency code Guyanese dollar (GYD)
Exchange ratesGuyanese dollars per US dollar - 200.28 (2006), 200.79 (2005), 198.31 (2004), 193.88 (2003), 190.67 (2002)
Communications - Guyana:
Fiscal yearcalendar year
Telephones main lines in use110,100 (2005)
Telephones mobile cellular281,400 (2005)
Telephone systemgeneral assessment: fair system for long-distance service
domestic: microwave radio relay network for trunk lines
international: country code - 592; tropospheric scatter to Trinidad; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stationsAM 3, FM 3, shortwave 1 (1998)
Television broadcast stations3 (1 public station; 2 private stations which relay US satellite services) (1997)
Internet country code.gy
Internet hosts1,046 (2006)
Internet users160,000 (2005)
Transportation - Guyana:
Airports90 (2006)
Airports with paved runwaystotal: 9
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
under 914 m: 6 (2006)
Airports with unpaved runwaystotal: 81
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 14
under 914 m: 65 (2006)
Roadwaystotal: 7,970 km
paved: 590 km
unpaved: 7,380 km (1999)
WaterwaysBerbice, Demerara, and Essequibo rivers are navigable by oceangoing vessels for 150 km, 100 km, and 80 km respectively (2006)
Merchant marinetotal: 7 ships (1000 GRT or over) 12,461 GRT/15,155 DWT
by type: cargo 5, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 1
foreign-owned: 1 (Germany 1)
registered in other countries: 4 (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 3, unknown 1) (2006)
Ports and terminalsGeorgetown
Military - Guyana:
Military branchesGuyana Defense Force: Army, Coast Guard, Air Corps (2007)
Manpower available for military servicemales age 18-49: 206,098 (2005 est.)
Manpower fit for military servicemales age 18-49: 137,964 (2005 est.)
Military expenditures percent of gdp1.8% (2006)
Disputes internationalall of the area west of the Essequibo River is claimed by Venezuela preventing any discussion of a maritime boundary; Guyana has expressed its intention to join Barbados in asserting claims before UNCLOS that Trinidad and Tobagos maritime boundary with Venezuela extends into their waters; Suriname claims a triangle of land between the New and Kutari/Koetari rivers in a historic dispute over the headwaters of the Courantyne; Guyana seeks arbitration under provisions of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) to resolve the long-standing dispute with Suriname over the axis of the territorial sea boundary in potentially oil-rich waters
This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>


Map of country Guyana on-line :
All cities of country Guyana :
Biggest cities of country Guyana :
Photo to article Guyana :
Back Main Page Add to favorites Print article: Guyana Add photo: Guyana Send article to your friends Go on top article

Free IQ test online

An Intelligence Quotient or IQ is a score derived from one of several different standardized tests attempting to measure intelligence. Although the term "IQ" is still in common use, the scoring of modern IQ tests such as the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale is now based on a projection of the subject's measured rank on the Gaussian bell curve with a center value (average IQ) of 100, and a standard deviation of 15, although different tests may have different standard deviations. The average IQ scores for many populations have been rising at an average rate of three points per decade since the early 20th century with most of the increase in the lower half of the IQ range: a phenomenon called the Flynn effect. It is disputed whether these changes in scores reflect real changes in intellectual abilities, or merely methodological problems with past or present testing. (Wikipedie)

IQ test lasts approximately 30 minutes and contains 40 questions !

In the IQ test you must focus on the maximum. Test questions are simple. In the IQ test may not use the calculator and paper.

Free IQ test online :





Banner on your page · Visitor's book · Besplatnye igry onlajn · Free games online · CZ Hry  · RoboStav
Copyright (c) 2022 by TiptopGlobe.com. All Rights Reserved!


Photo: Guyana
Guyana



Photo: Guyana
Guyana



Photo: Guyana
Guyana



Photo: Guyana
Guyana



Photo: Guyana
Guyana




Add photo...


Free IQ test

Games Online