Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

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Introduction - Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas):
Location - Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas):


Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of southern Argentina

Geographic coordinates

51 45 S, 59 00 W

Map references

South America


total: 12,173 sq km
land: 12,173 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Connecticut

Land boundaries

0 km


1,288 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm


cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; average annual rainfall is 24 inches in Stanley; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but does not accumulate


rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Usborne 705 m

Natural resources

fish, squid, wildlife, calcified seaweed, sphagnum moss

Land use

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (99% permanent pastures, 1% other) (2005)

Irrigated land


Natural hazards

strong winds persist throughout the year

Environment current issues

overfishing by unlicensed vessels is a problem; reindeer were introduced to the islands in 2001 for commercial reasons; this is the only commercial reindeer herd in the world unaffected by the 1986 Chornobyl disaster

Geography note

deeply indented coast provides good natural harbors; short growing season

People - Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas):
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This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>

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Photo: Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

Photo: Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

Photo: Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

Photo: Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

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Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

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