Estonia

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Military - Estonia:

Military branches

Estonian Defense Forces: Land Force, Navy, Air Force, Volunteer Defense League (Kaitseliit, KL) (2006)

Military service age and obligation

compulsory military service for men between 19 and 28; conscription lasts 11 months for junior NCOs and reserve platoon leaders; reserve officers and designated specialists have a different conscript service obligation; Estonia has committed to retaining conscription for men up to 2010 and, unlike Latvia and Lithuania, has no plan to transition to a contract armed forces; 17 years of age for volunteers; reserve commitment up to the age of 60 (2006)

Manpower available for military service

males age 18-49: 291,696
females age 18-49: 304,961 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military service

males age 18-49: 200,382 (in 2004, 51% of the young men called up for service were determined to be unfit; main obstacles to conscription were psychiatric and behavioral)
females age 18-49: 250,351 (2005 est.)

Manpower reaching military service age annually

males age 15-49: 11,146
females age 18-49: 10,605 (2005 est.)

Military expenditures percent of gdp

2% (2005 est.)

Disputes international

Russia recalled its signature to the 1996 technical border agreement with Estonia in 2005, rather than concede to Estonias appending prepared a unilateral declaration referencing Soviet occupation and territorial losses; Russia demands better accommodation of Russian-speaking population in Estonia; Estonian citizen groups continue to press for realignment of the boundary based on the 1920 Tartu Peace Treaty that would bring the now divided ethnic Setu people and parts of the Narva region within Estonia; as a member state that forms part of the EUs external border, Estonia must implement the strict Schengen border rules with Russia

This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>


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