Botswana

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Introduction - Botswana:
Location - Botswana:
People - Botswana:

Population

1,815,508
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 35.8% (male 330,377/female 319,376)
15-64 years: 60.3% (male 549,879/female 545,148)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 28,725/female 42,003) (2007 est.)

Median age

total: 20.9 years
male: 20.7 years
female: 21.1 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate

1.503% (2007 est.)

Birth rate

23.17 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate

13.63 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate

5.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2007 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.034 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.009 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.684 male(s)/female
total population: 1.003 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 43.97 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 45.02 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 42.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 50.58 years
male: 51.55 years
female: 49.58 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate

2.73 children born/woman (2007 est.)

Hiv aids adult prevalence rate

37.3% (2003 est.)

Hiv aids people living with hiv aids

350,000 (2003 est.)

Hiv aids deaths

33,000 (2003 est.)

Nationality

noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2007)

Ethnic groups

Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%

Religions

Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6% (2001 census)

Languages

Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.2%
male: 80.4%
female: 81.8% (2003 est.)

Government - Botswana:
Economy - Botswana:
Communications - Botswana:
Transportation - Botswana:
Military - Botswana:
This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>


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