Aruba

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Introduction - Aruba:

Country

Aruba

Background

Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The islands economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Arubas request in 1990.

Location - Aruba:

Location

Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela

Geographic coordinates

12 30 N, 69 58 W

Map references

Central America and the Caribbean

Area

total: 193 sq km
land: 193 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area comparative

slightly larger than Washington, DC

Land boundaries

0 km

Coastline

68.5 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate

tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain

flat with a few hills; scant vegetation

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Jamanota 188 m

Natural resources

NEGL; white sandy beaches

Land use

arable land: 10.53%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 89.47% (2005)

Irrigated land

0.01 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards

lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt

Environment current issues

NA

Geography note

a flat, riverless island renowned for its white sand beaches; its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean; the temperature is almost constant at about 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees Fahrenheit)

People - Aruba:

Population

100,018
note: estimate based on a revision of the base population, fertility, and mortality numbers, as well as a revision of 1985-1999 migration estimates from outmigration to inmigration, which is assumed to continue into the future; the new results are consistent with the 2000 census (July 2007 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 19.7% (male 9,943/female 9,761)
15-64 years: 70.2% (male 33,553/female 36,661)
65 years and over: 10.1% (male 4,046/female 6,054) (2007 est.)

Dependency status

member country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs

Median age

total: 37.3 years
male: 35.5 years
female: 39 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate

1.522% (2007 est.)

Birth rate

12.83 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate

7.61 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate

10 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.019 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.915 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.668 male(s)/female
total population: 0.906 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 14.75 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 19.59 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.81 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 74.83 years
male: 71.8 years
female: 77.91 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.85 children born/woman (2007 est.)

Hiv aids adult prevalence rate

NA

Hiv aids people living with hiv aids

NA

Hiv aids deaths

NA

Nationality

noun: Aruban(s)
adjective: Aruban; Dutch

Ethnic groups

mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%, other 20%

Religions

Roman Catholic 82%, Protestant 8%, other (includes Hindu, Muslim, Confucian, Jewish) 10%

Languages

Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 66.3%, Spanish 12.6%, English (widely spoken) 7.7%, Dutch (official) 5.8%, other 2.2%, unspecified or unknown 5.3% (2000 census)

Literacy

definition: NA
total population: 97.3%
male: 97.5%
female: 97.1% (2000 census)

Government - Aruba:

Country name

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Aruba

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Capital

name: Oranjestad
geographic coordinates: 12 31 N, 70 02 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions

none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Independence

none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

National holiday

Flag Day, 18 March (1976)

Constitution

1 January 1986

Legal system

based on Dutch civil law system, with some English common law influence

Suffrage

18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980); represented by Governor General Fredis REFUNJOL (since 11 May 2004)
head of government: Prime Minister Nelson O. ODUBER (since 30 October 2001)
cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Staten
elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed for a six-year term by the monarch; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by the Staten for four-year terms; election last held in 2005 (next to be held by 2009)
election results: Nelson O. ODUBER elected prime minister; percent of legislative vote - NA

Legislative branch

unicameral Legislature or Staten (21 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 23 September 2005 (next to be held in 2009)
election results: percent of vote by party - MEP 43%, AVP 32%, MPA 7%, RED 7%, PDR 6%, OLA 4%, PPA 2%; seats by party - MEP 11, AVP 8, MPA 1, RED 1

Judicial branch

Common Court of Justice of Aruba (judges are appointed by the monarch)

Political parties and leaders

Aliansa/Aruban Social Movement or MSA [Robert WEVER]; Aruban Liberal Organization or OLA [Glenbert CROES]; Aruban Patriotic Movement or MPA [Monica ARENDS-KOCK]; Aruban Patriotic Party or PPA [Benny NISBET]; Aruban Peoples Party or AVP [Mike EMAN]; Peoples Electoral Movement Party or MEP [Nelson O. ODUBER]; Real Democracy or PDR [Andin BIKKER]; RED [Rudy LAMPE]; Workers Political Platform or PTT [Gregorio WOLFF]

Political pressure groups and leaders

NA

International organization participation

Caricom (observer), ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ITUC, UNESCO (associate), UNWTO (associate), UPU, WCL, WMO

Diplomatic representation in the us

none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands); note - Mr. Henry BAARH, Minister Plenipotentiary for Aruba at the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Diplomatic representation from the us

the US does not have an embassy in Aruba; the Consul General to Netherlands Antilles is accredited to Aruba

Flag description

blue, with two narrow, horizontal, yellow stripes across the lower portion and a red, four-pointed star outlined in white in the upper hoist-side corner

Economy - Aruba:

Economy overview

Tourism is the mainstay of the small, open Aruban economy, with offshore banking and oil refining and storage also important. The rapid growth of the tourism sector over the last decade has resulted in a substantial expansion of other activities. Over 1.5 million tourists per year visit Aruba, with 75% of those from the US. Construction continues to boom, with hotel capacity five times the 1985 level. In addition, the countrys oil refinery reopened in 1993, providing a major source of employment, foreign exchange earnings, and growth. Tourist arrivals have rebounded strongly following a dip after the 11 September 2001 attacks. The island experiences only a brief low season, and hotel occupancy in 2004 averaged 80%, compared to 68% throughout the rest of the Caribbean. The government has made cutting the budget and trade deficits a high priority.

Gdp purchasing power parity

$2.258 billion (2005 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate

$2.258 billion (2005 est.)

Gdp real growth rate

2.4% (2005 est.)

Gdp per capita ppp

$21,800 (2004 est.)

Gdp composition by sector

agriculture: 0.4%
industry: 33.3%
services: 66.3% (2002 est.)

Labor force

41,500 (2004 est.)

Labor force by occupation

agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
note: most employment is in wholesale and retail trade and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants; oil refining

Unemployment rate

6.9% (2005 est.)

Population below poverty line

NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate consumer prices

3.4% (2005)

Budget

revenues: $507.9 million
expenditures: $577.9 million; including capital expenditures of $NA (2005 est.)

Public debt

46.3% of GDP (2005)

Agriculture products

aloes; livestock; fish

Industries

tourism, transshipment facilities, oil refining

Industrial production growth rate

NA%

Electricity production

770 million kWh (2004)

Electricity consumption

716.1 million kWh (2004)

Electricity exports

0 kWh (2004)

Electricity imports

0 kWh (2004)

Oil production

2,363 bbl/day (2004)

Oil consumption

7,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil exports

NA bbl/day

Oil imports

NA bbl/day

Oil proved reserves

0 bbl

Natural gas production

0 cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas consumption

0 cu m (2004 est.)

Exports

$80 million f.o.b.; note - includes oil reexports (2004 est.)

Exports commodities

live animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and electrical equipment, transport equipment

Exports partners

Netherlands 27.7%, Panama 25.5%, Colombia 12.8%, Venezuela 11.1%, US 9.4%, Netherlands Antilles 7.1% (2006)

Imports

$875 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)

Imports commodities

machinery and electrical equipment, crude oil for refining and reexport, chemicals; foodstuffs

Imports partners

US 53.6%, Netherlands 12.9%, UK 3.6% (2006)

Debt external

$478.6 million (2005 est.)

Economic aid recipient

$11.3 million (2004)

Currency code

Aruban guilder/florin (AWG)

Exchange rates

Aruban guilders/florins per US dollar - 1.79 (2006), 1.79 (2005), 1.79 (2004), 1.79 (2003), 1.79 (2002)

Communications - Aruba:

Fiscal year

calendar year

Telephones main lines in use

38,300 (2005)

Telephones mobile cellular

108,200 (2005)

Telephone system

general assessment: modern fully automatic telecommunications system
domestic: increased competition through privatization; 3 wireless service providers are now licensed
international: country code - 297; 1 submarine cable to Sint Maarten (Netherlands Antilles); extensive interisland microwave radio relay links

Radio broadcast stations

AM 2, FM 16, shortwave 0 (2004)

Television broadcast stations

1 (1997)

Internet country code

.aw

Internet hosts

11,548 (2006)

Internet users

24,000 (2005)

Transportation - Aruba:

Airports

1 (2006)

Airports with paved runways

total: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2006)

Roadways

total: 800 km
paved: 513 km
unpaved: 287 km

Ports and terminals

Barcadera, Oranjestad, Sint Nicolaas

Military - Aruba:

Military branches

no regular indigenous military forces; the Netherlands maintains a detachment of marines, a frigate, and an amphibious combat detachment in the neighboring Netherlands Antilles (2005)

Manpower available for military service

males age 18-49: 16,278 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military service

males age 18-49: 13,219 (2005 est.)

Military note

defense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Manpower reaching military service age annually

males age 18-49: 520 (2005 est.)

Disputes international

none

This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>


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