Angola

Angola: Travel tips, articles, photos, gallery, cities database, population, pics, flags, statistics, free maps online


Back to Countries, Click to read the whole article: Angola
Introduction - Angola:
CountryAngola
BackgroundAngola is rebuilding its country after the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but UNITA renewed fighting after being beaten by the MPLA at the polls. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - in the quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBIs death in 2002 ended UNITAs insurgency and strengthened the MPLAs hold on power. While President DOS SANTOS had pledged to hold legislative elections in 2007, he has since announced that legislative elections will be held in 2008, with Presidential elections planned for 2009. A specific election timetable has yet to be established.
Location - Angola:
LocationSouthern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo
Geographic coordinates12 30 S, 18 30 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 1,246,700 sq km
land: 1,246,700 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area comparativeslightly less than twice the size of Texas
Land boundariestotal: 5,198 km
border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,511 km (of which 225 km is the boundary of discontiguous Cabinda Province), Republic of the Congo 201 km, Namibia 1,376 km, Zambia 1,110 km
Coastline1,600 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatesemiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April)
Terrainnarrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau
Elevation extremeslowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Morro de Moco 2,620 m
Natural resourcespetroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium
Land usearable land: 2.65%
permanent crops: 0.23%
other: 97.12% (2005)
Irrigated land800 sq km (2003)
Natural hazardslocally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau
Environment current issuesoveruse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion attributable to population pressures; desertification; deforestation of tropical rain forest, in response to both international demand for tropical timber and to domestic use as fuel, resulting in loss of biodiversity; soil erosion contributing to water pollution and siltation of rivers and dams; inadequate supplies of potable water
Environment international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography notethe province of Cabinda is an exclave, separated from the rest of the country by the Democratic Republic of the Congo
People - Angola:
Population12,263,596 (July 2007 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 43.7% (male 2,706,276/female 2,654,338)
15-64 years: 53.5% (male 3,339,114/female 3,225,121)
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 149,414/female 189,333) (2007 est.)
Median agetotal: 17.9 years
male: 17.9 years
female: 17.9 years (2007 est.)
Population growth rate2.184% (2007 est.)
Birth rate44.51 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death rate24.81 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Net migration rate2.14 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.035 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.789 male(s)/female
total population: 1.021 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 184.44 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 196.55 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 171.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 37.63 years
male: 36.73 years
female: 38.57 years (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate6.27 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Hiv aids adult prevalence rate3.9% (2003 est.)
Hiv aids people living with hiv aids240,000 (2003 est.)
Hiv aids deaths21,000 (2003 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Angolan(s)
adjective: Angolan
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) are high risks in some locations
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2007)
Ethnic groupsOvimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%
Religionsindigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.)
LanguagesPortuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 67.4%
male: 82.9%
female: 54.2% (2001 est.)
Government - Angola:
Country nameconventional long form: Republic of Angola
conventional short form: Angola
local long form: Republica de Angola
local short form: Angola
former: Peoples Republic of Angola
Government typerepublic; multiparty presidential regime
Capitalname: Luanda
geographic coordinates: 8 50 S, 13 14 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions18 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Bengo, Benguela, Bie, Cabinda, Cuando Cubango, Cuanza Norte, Cuanza Sul, Cunene, Huambo, Huila, Luanda, Lunda Norte, Lunda Sul, Malanje, Moxico, Namibe, Uige, Zaire
Independence11 November 1975 (from Portugal)
National holidayIndependence Day, 11 November (1975)
Constitutionadopted by Peoples Assembly 25 August 1992
Legal systembased on Portuguese civil law system and customary law; recently modified to accommodate political pluralism and increased use of free markets
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Executive branchchief of state: President Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS (since 21 September 1979); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS (since 21 September 1979); Fernando de Piedade Dias DOS SANTOS was appointed prime minister on 6 December 2002
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
elections: president elected by universal ballot for a five-year term (eligible for a second consecutive or discontinuous term) under the 1992 constitution; President DOS SANTOS originally elected (in 1979) without opposition under a one-party system and stood for reelection in Angolas first multiparty elections 29-30 September 1992 (next to be held in 2009)
election results: Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS 49.6%, Jonas SAVIMBI 40.1%, making a run-off election necessary; the run-off was not held and SAVIMBIs National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) repudiated the results of the first election; the civil war resumed leaving DOS SANTOS in his current position as the president
Legislative branchunicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (220 seats; members elected by proportional vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 29-30 September 1992 (next to be held in September 2008)
election results: percent of vote by party - MPLA 54%, UNITA 34%, other 12%; seats by party - MPLA 129, UNITA 70, PRS 6, FNLA 5, PLD 3, other 7
Judicial branchSupreme Court and separate provincial courts (judges are appointed by the president)
Political parties and leadersLiberal Democratic Party or PLD [Analia de Victoria PEREIRA]; National Front for the Liberation of Angola or FNLA [Holden ROBERTO]; National Union for the Total Independence of Angola or UNITA (largest opposition party) [Isaias SAMAKUVA]; Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola or MPLA (ruling party in power since 1975) [Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS]; Social Renewal Party or PRS [Antonio MUACHICUNGO]
note: about a dozen minor parties participated in the 1992 elections but only won a few seats; they and the other 115 smaller parties have little influence in the National Assembly
Political pressure groups and leadersFront for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda or FLEC [Nzita Henriques TIAGO, Antonio Bento BEMBE]
note: FLECs small-scale, highly factionalized armed struggle for the independence of Cabinda Province ended after BEMBEs faction signed a peace accord in August 2006; other factions have since demobilized under provisions of the accord, although the two main faction leaders have not acceded to the accord
International organization participationACP, AfDB, AU, COMESA, CPLP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), OPEC, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the uschief of mission: Ambassador Josefina Perpetua Pitra DIAKITI
chancery: 2108 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
telephone: [1] (202) 785-1156
FAX: [1] (202) 785-1258
consulate(s) general: Houston, New York
Diplomatic representation from the uschief of mission: Ambassador Cynthia EFIRD
embassy: number 32 Rua Houari Boumedienne (in the Miramar area of Luanda), Luanda
mailing address: international mail: Caixa Postal 6468, Luanda; pouch: US Embassy Luanda, US Department of State, 2550 Luanda Place, Washington, DC 20521-2550
telephone: [244] (222) 64-1000
FAX: [244] (222) 64-1232
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of red (top) and black with a centered yellow emblem consisting of a five-pointed star within half a cogwheel crossed by a machete (in the style of a hammer and sickle)
Economy - Angola:
Economy overviewAngolas high growth rate is driven by its oil sector, with record oil prices and rising petroleum production. Oil production and its supporting activities contribute about half of GDP and 90% of exports. Increased oil production supported 12% growth in 2004, 19% growth in 2005, and nearly 14% growth in 2006. A postwar reconstruction boom and resettlement of displaced persons has led to high rates of growth in construction and agriculture as well. Much of the countrys infrastructure is still damaged or undeveloped from the 27-year-long civil war. Remnants of the conflict such as widespread land mines still mar the countryside even though an apparently durable peace was established after the death of rebel leader Jonas SAVIMBI in February 2002. Subsistence agriculture provides the main livelihood for most of the people, but half of the countrys food must still be imported. In 2005, the government started using a $2 billion line of credit from China to rebuild Angolas public infrastructure, and several large-scale projects were completed in 2006. The central bank in 2003 implemented an exchange rate stabilization program using foreign exchange reserves to buy kwanzas out of circulation. This policy became more sustainable in 2005 because of strong oil export earnings; it has significantly reduced inflation. Although consumer inflation declined from 325% in 2000 to about 13% in 2006, the stabilization policy has put pressure on international net liquidity. To fully take advantage of its rich national resources - gold, diamonds, extensive forests, Atlantic fisheries, and large oil deposits - Angola will need to implement government reforms and to reduce corruption. The government has made little progress on reforms recommended by the IMF, such as promoting greater transparency in government spending, and continues to be without a formal monitoring agreement with the institution. Corruption, especially in the extractive sectors, is a major challenge facing Angola.
Gdp purchasing power parity $53.06 billion (2006 est.)
Gdp official exchange rate $28.61 billion (2006 est.)
Gdp real growth rate15% (2006 est.)
Gdp per capita ppp $4,400 (2006 est.)
Gdp composition by sectoragriculture: 9.6%
industry: 65.8%
services: 24.6% (2005 est.)
Labor force6.393 million (2006 est.)
Labor force by occupationagriculture: 85%
industry and services: 15% (2003 est.)
Unemployment rateextensive unemployment and underemployment affecting more than half the population (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line70% (2003 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage sharelowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate consumer prices 13.2% (2006 est.)
Investment gross fixed 14.6% of GDP (2006 est.)
Budgetrevenues: $10.98 billion
expenditures: $9.7 billion; including capital expenditures of $963 million (2006 est.)
Public debt32.7% of GDP (2006 est.)
Agriculture productsbananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal, corn, cotton, manioc (tapioca), tobacco, vegetables, plantains; livestock; forest products; fish
Industriespetroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing, brewing, tobacco products, sugar; textiles; ship repair
Industrial production growth rate13.5% (2004 est.)
Electricity production2.194 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity consumption2.04 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity exports0 kWh (2004)
Electricity imports0 kWh (2004)
Oil production1.6 million bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil consumption48,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil exportsNA bbl/day
Oil importsNA bbl/day
Oil proved reserves5.412 billion bbl (1 January 2005 est.)
Natural gas production750 million cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas consumption750 million cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas exports0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas imports0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas proved reserves45.87 billion cu m (1 January 2005 est.)
Current account balance$7.7 billion (2006 est.)
Exports$35.53 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports commoditiescrude oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, gas, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton
Exports partnersUS 39.4%, China 35.4%, France 5%, Chile 4.3% (2006)
Imports$10.21 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports commoditiesmachinery and electrical equipment, vehicles and spare parts; medicines, food, textiles, military goods
Imports partnersSouth Korea 17.3%, US 14.3%, Portugal 14.1%, China 8.3%, South Africa 6.3%, Brazil 5.9%, France 5.8% (2006)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold$6.75 billion (2006 est.)
Debt external$11.24 billion (2006 est.)
Economic aid recipient$383.5 million (1999)
Currency code kwanza (AOA)
Exchange rateskwanza per US dollar - 80.4 (2006), 88.6 (2005), 83.541 (2004), 74.606 (2003), 43.53 (2002)
Communications - Angola:
Fiscal yearcalendar year
Telephones main lines in use98,200 (2006)
Telephones mobile cellular2.264 million (2006)
Telephone systemgeneral assessment: telephone service limited mostly to government and business use; HF radiotelephone used extensively for military links
domestic: limited system of wire, microwave radio relay, and tropospheric scatter
international: country code - 244; satellite earth stations - 29; fiber optic submarine cable (SAT-3/WASC) provides connectivity to Europe and Asia (2005)
Radio broadcast stationsAM 21, FM 6, shortwave 7 (2001)
Television broadcast stations6 (2000)
Internet country code.ao
Internet hosts2,525 (2006)
Internet users85,000 (2005)
Transportation - Angola:
Airports244 (2006)
Airports with paved runwaystotal: 31
over 3,047 m: 5
2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
1,524 to 2,437 m: 12
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 1 (2006)
Airports with unpaved runwaystotal: 213
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
1,524 to 2,437 m: 30
914 to 1,523 m: 95
under 914 m: 81 (2006)
Pipelinesgas 235 km; liquid petroleum gas 122 km; oil 867 km; oil/gas/water 5 km (2006)
Railwaystotal: 2,761 km
narrow gauge: 2,638 km 1.067-m gauge; 123 km 0.600-m gauge (2006)
Roadwaystotal: 51,429 km
paved: 5,349 km
unpaved: 46,080 km (2001)
Waterways1,300 km (2007)
Merchant marinetotal: 4 ships (1000 GRT or over) 4,343 GRT/4,643 DWT
by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 1
registered in other countries: 5 (Bahamas 5) (2006)
Ports and terminalsCabinda, Luanda, Soyo
Military - Angola:
Military branchesAngolan Armed Forces: Army, Navy (Marinha de Guerra, MdG), Angolan National Air Force (FANA) (2007)
Military service age and obligation17 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 2 years plus time for training (2001)
Manpower available for military servicemales age 17-49: 2,548,455
females age 17-49: 2,462,601 (2005 est.)
Manpower fit for military servicemales age 17-49: 1,282,195
females age 17-49: 1,256,390 (2005 est.)
Manpower reaching military service age annuallymales age 18-49: 126,694
females age 17-49: 123,586 (2005 est.)
Refugees and internally displaced personsrefugees (country of origin): 13,464 (Democratic Republic of Congo)
IDPs: 61,700 (27-year civil war ending in 2002; 4 million IDPs already have returned) (2006)
Military expenditures percent of gdp5.7% (2006)
Disputes internationalmany Cabindan separatists have returned to the province from exile since the 2006 ceasefire and peace agreement; concerns from international experts and local populations over the Okavango Delta ecology in Botswana and human displacement scuttled Namibian plans to construct a hydroelectric dam at Popavalle (Popa Falls) along the Angola-Namibia border
This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>


Map of country Angola on-line :
All cities of country Angola :
Biggest cities of country Angola :
Photo to article Angola :
Back Main Page Add to favorites Print article: Angola Add photo: Angola Send article to your friends Go on top article

Free IQ test online

An Intelligence Quotient or IQ is a score derived from one of several different standardized tests attempting to measure intelligence. Although the term "IQ" is still in common use, the scoring of modern IQ tests such as the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale is now based on a projection of the subject's measured rank on the Gaussian bell curve with a center value (average IQ) of 100, and a standard deviation of 15, although different tests may have different standard deviations. The average IQ scores for many populations have been rising at an average rate of three points per decade since the early 20th century with most of the increase in the lower half of the IQ range: a phenomenon called the Flynn effect. It is disputed whether these changes in scores reflect real changes in intellectual abilities, or merely methodological problems with past or present testing. (Wikipedie)

IQ test lasts approximately 30 minutes and contains 40 questions !

In the IQ test you must focus on the maximum. Test questions are simple. In the IQ test may not use the calculator and paper.

Free IQ test online :





Banner on your page · Visitor's book · Besplatnye igry onlajn · Free games online · CZ Hry  · RoboStav
Copyright (c) 2021 by TiptopGlobe.com. All Rights Reserved!


Photo: Angola
Angola



Photo: Angola
Angola



Photo: Angola
Angola



Photo: Angola
Angola



Photo: Angola
Angola




Add photo...


Free IQ test

Games Online