American Samoa

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Introduction - American Samoa:

Country

American Samoa

Background

Settled as early as 1000 B.C., Samoa was discovered by European explorers in the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.

Location - American Samoa:

Location

Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand

Geographic coordinates

14 20 S, 170 00 W

Map references

Oceania

Area

total: 199 sq km
land: 199 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Rose Island and Swains Island

Area comparative

slightly larger than Washington, DC

Land boundaries

0 km

Coastline

116 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate

tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October); little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain

five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island)

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Lata Mountain 964 m

Natural resources

pumice, pumicite

Land use

arable land: 10%
permanent crops: 15%
other: 75% (2005)

Irrigated land

NA

Natural hazards

typhoons common from December to March

Environment current issues

limited natural fresh water resources; the water division of the government has spent substantial funds in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines

Geography note

Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean

People - American Samoa:

Population

57,663 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 33.6% (male 10,049/female 9,345)
15-64 years: 63.5% (male 19,041/female 17,556)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 606/female 1,066) (2007 est.)

Dependency status

unincorporated and unorganized territory of the US; administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior

Median age

total: 23.6 years
male: 23.4 years
female: 23.8 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.262% (2007 est.)

Birth rate

21.83 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate

3.24 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate

-21.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.075 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.085 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.568 male(s)/female
total population: 1.062 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 8.88 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.47 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 76.25 years
male: 72.69 years
female: 80.02 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate

3.07 children born/woman (2007 est.)

Hiv aids adult prevalence rate

NA

Hiv aids people living with hiv aids

NA

Hiv aids deaths

NA

Nationality

noun: American Samoan(s) (US nationals)
adjective: American Samoan

Ethnic groups

native Pacific islander 92.9%, Asian 2.9%, white 1.2%, mixed 2.8%, other 0.2% (2000 census)

Religions

Christian Congregationalist 50%, Roman Catholic 20%, Protestant and other 30%

Languages

Samoan 90.6% (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English 2.9%, Tongan 2.4%, other Pacific islander 2.1%, other 2%
note: most people are bilingual (2000 census)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97%
male: 98%
female: 97% (1980 est.)

Government - American Samoa:

Country name

conventional long form: Territory of American Samoa
conventional short form: American Samoa
abbreviation: AS

Government type

NA

Capital

name: Pago Pago
geographic coordinates: 14 16 S, 170 42 W
time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions

none (territory of the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three districts and two islands* at the second order; Eastern, Manua, Rose Island*, Swains Island*, Western

Independence

none (territory of the US)

National holiday

Flag Day, 17 April (1900)

Constitution

ratified 2 June 1966, effective 1 July 1967

Legal system

NA

Suffrage

18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 January 2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)
head of government: Governor Togiola TULAFONO (since 7 April 2003)
cabinet: Cabinet made up of 12 department directors
elections: under the US Constitution, residents of unincorporated territories, such as American Samoa, do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held 2 and 16 November 2004 (next to be held in November 2008)
election results: Togiola TULAFONO elected governor; percent of vote - Togiola TULAFONO 55.7%, Afoa Moega LUTU 44.3%

Legislative branch

bicameral Fono or Legislative Assembly consists of the House of Representatives (21 seats; 20 members are elected by popular vote and 1 is an appointed, nonvoting delegate from Swains Island; to serve two-year terms) and the Senate (18 seats; members are elected from local chiefs to serve four-year terms)
elections: House of Representatives - last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2008); Senate - last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held in November 2008)
election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independents 18
note: American Samoa elects one nonvoting representative to the US House of Representatives; election last held on 7 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2008); results - Eni F. H. FALEOMAVAEGA reelected as delegate

Judicial branch

High Court (chief justice and associate justices are appointed by the US Secretary of the Interior)

Political parties and leaders

Democratic Party [Oreta M. TOGAFAU]; Republican Party [Tautai A. F. FAALEVAO]

Political pressure groups and leaders

NA

International organization participation

Interpol (subbureau), IOC, SPC, UPU

Diplomatic representation in the us

none (territory of the US)

Diplomatic representation from the us

none (territory of the US)

Flag description

blue, with a white triangle edged in red that is based on the outer side and extends to the hoist side; a brown and white American bald eagle flying toward the hoist side is carrying two traditional Samoan symbols of authority, a staff and a war club

Economy - American Samoa:

Economy overview

American Samoa has a traditional Polynesian economy in which more than 90% of the land is communally owned. Economic activity is strongly linked to the US with which American Samoa conducts most of its commerce. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector, with canned tuna the primary export. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoas economic well being. Attempts by the government to develop a larger and broader economy are restrained by Samoas remote location, its limited transportation, and its devastating hurricanes. Tourism is a promising developing sector.

Gdp purchasing power parity

$510.1 million (2003 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate

$333.8 million (2005)

Gdp real growth rate

3% (2003)

Gdp per capita ppp

$5,800 (2005 est.)

Gdp composition by sector

agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%

Labor force

17,630 (2005)

Labor force by occupation

agriculture: 34%
industry: 33%
services: 33% (1990)

Unemployment rate

29.8% (2005)

Population below poverty line

NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate consumer prices

NA%

Budget

revenues: $121 million (37% in local revenue and 63% in US grants)
expenditures: $127 million; including capital expenditures of $NA (FY96/97)

Agriculture products

bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas; dairy products, livestock

Industries

tuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts

Industrial production growth rate

NA%

Electricity production

128 million kWh (2004)

Electricity consumption

119 million kWh (2004)

Electricity exports

0 kWh (2004)

Electricity imports

0 kWh (2004)

Oil production

0 bbl/day (2004)

Oil consumption

3,900 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil exports

NA bbl/day

Oil imports

NA bbl/day

Oil proved reserves

0 bbl

Natural gas production

0 cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas consumption

0 cu m (2004 est.)

Exports

$445.6 million (FY04 est.)

Exports commodities

canned tuna 93% (2004 est.)

Exports partners

Indonesia 28.2%, India 22.3%, Australia 15.3%, Japan 11.2%, NZ 7.1% (2006)

Imports

$308.8 million (FY04 est.)

Imports commodities

materials for canneries 56%, food 8%, petroleum products 7%, machinery and parts 6% (2004 est.)

Imports partners

Australia 66%, Samoa 13.8%, NZ 10.8% (2006)

Debt external

$NA

Economic aid recipient

important financial support from the US, more than $40 million in 1994

Currency code

US dollar (USD)

Exchange rates

the US dollar is used

Communications - American Samoa:

Fiscal year

1 October - 30 September

Telephones main lines in use

10,400 (2004)

Telephones mobile cellular

2,200 (2004)

Telephone system

general assessment: NA
domestic: good telex, telegraph, facsimile and cellular telephone services; domestic satellite system with 1 Comsat earth station
international: country code - 1-684; satellite earth station - 1 (Intelsat-Pacific Ocean)

Radio broadcast stations

AM 2, FM 3, shortwave 0 (2005)

Television broadcast stations

1 (2006)

Internet country code

.as

Internet hosts

1,456 (2006)

Internet users

NA

Transportation - American Samoa:

Airports

3 (2006)

Airports with paved runways

total: 2
over 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2006)

Airports with unpaved runways

total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2006)

Roadways

total: 185 km (2004)

Ports and terminals

Pago Pago

Military - American Samoa:

Military note

defense is the responsibility of the US

This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>


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