French spaniel (Dog standard)
French spaniel is a descendant of the bird dogs described by gaston febus and used in the middle ages.
FCI-Standard N° 175 / 25. 09. 1998 / GB
TRANSLATION : Mrs. Peggy Davis.
ORIGIN : France.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 24.07.1996.
UTILIZATION : Pointing dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 7 Pointing Dogs.
Section 1.2 Continental Pointing
Dogs, Spaniel type.
With working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The French Spaniel is a descendant of the bird dogs described by Gaston Febus and used in the Middle Ages. It is he who is at the origin of the diverse varieties of hunting Spaniels. Through the selection he developed into the elegant and athletic dog, pointing very firmly which, today, excels in the working trials. The first standard was drawn up in 1891 by James de Connick; it has been revised several times since, and then was adapted to the diverse evolutions of the breed.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Medium size dog, elegant and muscled, built on normal proportions, of braccoïd type. His balanced construction shows energy and toughness appropriate to his utilization. His bone structure is strong without being coarse.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : The length of the body (from the point of the shoulders to the point of the buttock) is superior by 2 to 3 cm to the height at the withers (the animal fits into a rectangle). The length of the chest is equal or superior to 6/10th of the length of the body.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Balanced, frank, soft, calm and docile, enthusiastic hunter, sociable with his fellow creatures and an ideal companion in all circumstances. Excellent pointing dog, he is also endowed with the retrieve.
HEAD : Carried proudly, without heaviness, without excessive leanness showing well defined dimensions. Of medium length and width.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : The lateral sides are almost parallel. The superciliary arches are marked. In profile, the axes of the skull and the muzzle are slightly divergent.
Stop : Progressive and moderately pronounced.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Well pigmented, the nostrils widely open.
Muzzle : The slightly convex nasal bridge is preferable to the straight one; it is a little shorter than the skull.
Lips : The upper lip fits well. Seen in profile, it falls almost vertically in the front and curves progressively up to the only slightly visible but well closed corner of the lips. The upper lip must not cover excessively the lower lip.
Jaws/Teeth : Complete dentition. Scissor bite or pincer bite (level bite).
Eyes : The eyes of a dark amber colour express softness and intelligence. They are quite big, of oval shape. The eyelids well adapted to the eyeball. The upper eyelid is well endowed with eyelashes.
Ears : The leather is well set on, well set back at eye level; furnished with wavy silky hair down to the rounded tip. Pulled lightly towards the front, the tip must just reach the beginning of the nose.
NECK : Muscled, profile slightly curved, oval shape, without dewlap.
Topline : In slight depression in relation to the withers, straight, well firm in action.
Withers : Lean, quite high and broad.
Loin : Broad, not too long and powerfully muscled.
Croup : Broad, rounded in the extension of the loin and without visible bony outline.
Chest : Plenty of heart room, of great capacity, let down to elbow level. Sternal region : Ample and rounded.
Underline : Harmoniously raised towards the belly.
TAIL : Not docked, reaching the point of the hock, not deviated, set below the topline and falling obliquely, curved like a sabre. Strong at its root, tapering progressively towards the tip. Furnished with long wavy silky fringes starting at a few centimeters from the root, lengthening to the middle part, then getting progressively shorter towards the tip.
FOREQUARTERS : The forequarters are straight and vertical. The back of the forelegs is furnished with wavy silky feathering of medium length above the elbow, but definitely longer at level of the forearm and falling to the level of the pastern.
Shoulders : Well attached against the chest and quite oblique (50° in relation to the horizontal).
Upper arm : Of inferior length by a third of the height at the withers; its slant on the horizontal is nearly 60°.
Forearm : Lean and muscled.
Pastern joint / Pastern : Well defined, lean, with visible bone structure and not coarse. The pastern is very sligthly oblique.
Forefoot : Oval, with tight, well arched toes and strong, black nails. Furnished with hair in the interdigital spaces. The pads are firm and dark.
HINDQUARTERS : Seen from behind, the hindquarters are vertical; the limbs are powerful and muscled from the upper thigh to the lower thigh.
Upper thigh : Broad and quite long with powerful and very visible muscles. Its slant on the horizontal is between 65° and 70°.
Lower thigh : Of noticeably equal length to that of the upper thigh, with sculpted and visible muscles.
Hock joint : Solid and strong.
Hind foot : Oval and slightly longer than the front foot, but otherwise with the same characteristics.
GAIT / MOVEMENT : Easy, supple, regular and energetic while remaining elegant. The legs move well in the axis of the body without exaggerated vertical displacement of the topline and without rolling.
SKIN : Supple and well fitting to the body.
HAIR : Long and wavy on the leathers, falling beyond their tips, as well as on the back of the legs and the tail. Flat, silky and well furnished on the body with a few ondulations behind the neck and above the root of the tail. Short and fine on the head.
COLOUR : White and brown with medium spotting, sometimes getting predominant, with irregular patches, slightly or moderately flecked and roan without excess. The brown varies from cinnamon to dark liver. The white blaze and the white on the head, if the marking is not too wide, are appreciated. The absence of white on the head is perfectly admissible. All the outer mucous membranes are brown without depigmentation notably on the nose and the eyelids.
From 56 to 61 cm for the males.
From 55 to 59 cm for the females.
With a tolerance for each of 2 cm over.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Skull too broad.
Muzzle too short.
Leather partially white, too short or triangular.
Incorrect position of the legs.
Lack of bone.
Hair curly on the body.
Lack of silky fringes (feathering).
Eye surrounded by white (marking), the eyelids being pigmented.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
Aggresive or overly shy.
Lack of type (insufficient ethnical characteristics which means that the animal on the whole does not sufficiently resemble its fellow creatures of the breed).
Distinct convegence of the axes of the skull and the muzzle.
Upper and lower prognathism with a gap of more than one millimeter.
Any other teeth missing apart from the PM1.
Entropion or ectropion.
Heterochromous eyes (different colours).
Eye definitely too light, in animals over the age of 2 years.
Presence of dewclaws on the hind legs.
Any other colour than white and brown.
Depigmentation (important pink on the nose and/or on the eyelids).
Size outside the limits of the standard.
Timid, agrressive or biter.
Important morphological anomaly.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Source: FCI >>>