Broholmer (Dog standard)
Broholmer is a Mastiff-type of dog of large size, rectangular and strongly built, with a composed and powerful movement.
FCI-Standard N° 315 / 22. 09. 2000 / GB
TRANSLATION : O.B.C. Christensen, DKK Standard Committee.
ORIGIN : Denmark.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 26.06.2000.
UTILIZATION : Companion dog, guard dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossians and Swiss Mountain-and Cattledogs.
Section 2.1 Molossians, Mastiff type.
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : As a type this breed has been known since the Middle Ages, when it was used for hunting (stag-hunting). Later on it was used mainly as guard dog for large farms and manors. At the end of the 18th century these dogs were pure-bred and increased in number thanks to the Count Sehested of Broholm, from whom the breed has inherited its name. After the Second World War the breed became almost extinct, but around 1975 a group of committed people - later organized as « The Society for Reconstruction of the Broholmer Breed » - supported by the Danish Kennel Club, began the work of reviving the breed.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : A Mastiff-type of dog of large size, rectangular and strongly built, with a composed and powerful movement. Its appearance is dominated by the powerful forequarters. The head is massive and wide, the neck is sturdy with some loose skin, the chest is broad and deep. At rest the head is carried rather low and stooping, and the tail is hanging down sabre-like. When moving, the tail is carried higher, but not over the topline. When the dog is attentive or aroused, the head is carried higher and the tail is raised above horizontal.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : Skull and muzzle are of equal length.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Calm, good tempered, friendly, yet watchful. Must show great self-confidence.
HEAD : Rather big and wide, with a heavy appearance.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Broad and rather flat. Topline of skull is parallel to topline of muzzle and set a little higher.
Stop : Not too pronounced.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Full and black.
Muzzle : Massive; looking rather short due to the heavy head. Upper and lower jaw are of equal length.
Lips : Pendulous, but not excessively so.
Jaws / Teeth : Powerful jaws with well developed muscles. Scissor- or pincer bite.
Eyes : Round, not too big. Colour from light to dark amber. Expression should show great self-confidence.
Ears : Medium sized, rather high set. Carried hanging close to cheeks.
NECK : Very powerful and muscular with some throatiness, yet not excessive.
Topline : Straight.
Withers : Strong and clearly defined.
Back : Rather long.
Croup : Medium length, slightly sloping.
Chest : Powerful and deep, with well a developed forebreast.
TAIL : Set on rather low, broad at base. It is carried drooping and has no flag or feathering. When moving the tail is raised to a horizontal position, preferably not higher. It should never be carried over the back or in a curl.
FOREQUARTERS : Strong, straight and powerful forelegs with muscular upper arms. The length and angulation of the bones should produce a free movement with good reach walking or trotting.
Upper arm : Very muscular.
Elbows : Moving close to the body.
Forearm : Straight and powerufl.
Pastern : Not too long.
Front feet : Rounded and close.
HINDQUARTERS : Powerful and muscular hindlegs with angulation able to produce good driving power. Seen from behind the hindlegs are straight and parallel.
Upper thigh : Powerful and muscular.
Rear pastern : Not too long.
Hind feet : Tight, as the front feet.
GAIT : Composed and stooping. Natural gaits are walking and trotting.
SKIN : Well pigmented and thick; generally profuse, especially at the neck.
HAIR : Short and close lying, with a thick undercoat.
COLOUR : Yellow with black mask. Golden red. Black. White markings on chest, feet and tip of tail are optional.
SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Height at withers : Male : ca 75 cm, weight 50 - 70 kg.
Bitch : ca 70 cm, weight 40 - 60 kg.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Insufficient in substance, forechest and depth of chest.
Too light and elegant in head and body.
Stop too marked; muzzle too light; corners of the mouth pendulous.
Ears too big or too small. Rose ears.
Tail set on too high or too low. Hook or kink tail.
Long and weak in pasterns; splayed feet.
Movement too elegant.
Fringes/flag on buttocks and tail.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS :
Nervous, sharp or aggressive.
Squarely built, definitely insufficient in substance.
Nose other than black.
Overshot or undershot mouth.
Eyes of different colour.
Tail curled up.
Coat : Colour faulty; long-haired.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Source: FCI >>>